Hidradenitis Suppurativa

Also called: Acne inversa, Suppurative hidradenitis

Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic skin disease. It can occur in one or multiple areas of your body. HS usually develops in your armpits, groin, and anal area. It causes long-term skin inflammation and can be painful.

Symptoms include

  • Blackheads and red, tender bumps, called abscesses. The abscesses get bigger, break open, and leak pus
  • Tunnels that form under the skin between abscesses
  • Scarring

No one knows what causes HS. It is more common in women, African Americans, and people who have had acne. It usually starts after the teenage years. Treatments include antibiotics, anti-inflammatory medicines, and sometimes surgery. Losing weight or wearing looser clothing may help some patients avoid skin irritation.

Symptoms of Hidradenitis Suppurativa

The following features are indicative of Hidradenitis Suppurativa:
  • blackheads
  • red or tender bumps
  • painful and pea-sized lumps
  • tunnels

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Common Causes of Hidradenitis Suppurativa

The following are the most common causes of Hidradenitis Suppurativa:
  • blocked and inflamed hair follicles
  • excessive sweating
  • mutations in the NCSTN, PSEN1, PSENEN genes
  • androgen dysfunction

Risk Factors for Hidradenitis Suppurativa

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Hidradenitis Suppurativa:
  • women between the ages of 20 and 29
  • being females
  • family history
  • history of arthritis
  • severe acne
  • obesity
  • inflammatory bowel disease
  • Crohn's disease
  • metabolic syndrome
  • diabetes
  • heavy smoking

Prevention of Hidradenitis Suppurativa

No, it is not possible to prevent Hidradenitis Suppurativa.
  • mutations in the NCSTN, PSEN1, or PSENEN gene

Occurrence of Hidradenitis Suppurativa

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Hidradenitis Suppurativa cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Hidradenitis Suppurativa most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 20-50 years

Common Gender

Hidradenitis Suppurativa can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Hidradenitis Suppurativa

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Hidradenitis Suppurativa:
  • Laboratory test: To detect a boil infection or other skin disorders

Doctor for Diagnosis of Hidradenitis Suppurativa

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Hidradenitis Suppurativa:
  • Primary care doctor
  • Dermatologist

Complications of Hidradenitis Suppurativa if untreated

Yes, Hidradenitis Suppurativa causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Hidradenitis Suppurativa is left untreated:
  • infection
  • scars or skin changes
  • obstructed lymph drainage
  • cancer

Procedures for Treatment of Hidradenitis Suppurativa

The following procedures are used to treat Hidradenitis Suppurativa:
  • Punch debridement: To remove a single inflamed nodule
  • Incision and drainage: To provides short-term pain relief
  • Tissue-sparing excision with electro surgery: To remove diseased tissue
  • Surgery: To remove all involved skin

Self-care for Hidradenitis Suppurativa

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Hidradenitis Suppurativa:
  • Follow a daily skin-care routine: Gently wash the skin with cleanser
  • Avoid tight clothes and irritating products: Wear lightweight and loose clothes to prevent friction
  • Keep a healthy weight and stay active: Exercise daily to stay fit and healthy
  • Quit smoking: Avoid tobacco and smoking

Patient Support for Treatment of Hidradenitis Suppurativa

The following actions may help Hidradenitis Suppurativa patients:
  • Join support group: Join online support groups to know about other's experiences with the same condition

Time for Treatment of Hidradenitis Suppurativa

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Hidradenitis Suppurativa to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 3 months

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Hidradenitis Suppurativa.

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