Hodgkin Disease

Also called: Hodgkin lymphoma

Hodgkin disease is a type of lymphoma. Lymphoma is a cancer of a part of the immune system called the lymph system. The first sign of Hodgkin disease is often an enlarged lymph node. The disease can spread to nearby lymph nodes. Later it may spread to the lungs, liver, or bone marrow. The exact cause is unknown.

Hodgkin disease is rare. Symptoms include

  • Painless swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck, armpits, or groin
  • Fever and chills
  • Night sweats
  • Weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Itchy skin

To diagnose Hodgkin disease, doctors use a physical exam and history, blood tests, and a biopsy. Treatment depends on how far the disease has spread. It often includes radiation therapy or chemotherapy.

The earlier the disease is diagnosed, the more effective the treatment. In most cases, Hodgkin disease can be cured.

NIH: National Cancer Institute

Symptoms of Hodgkin Disease

The following features are indicative of Hodgkin Disease:
  • painless swelling of the lymph nodes in the groin, neck or armpits
  • fever
  • chills
  • night sweats
  • weight loss
  • loss of appetite
  • itchy skin

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Common Causes of Hodgkin Disease

The following are the most common causes of Hodgkin Disease:
  • DNA mutation

Risk Factors for Hodgkin Disease

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Hodgkin Disease:
  • people between 15 and 30 years old and those over 55
  • family history of lymphoma
  • being female
  • Past Epstein-Barr infection
  • weakened immune system

Prevention of Hodgkin Disease

No, it is not possible to prevent Hodgkin Disease.
  • increased expression of p53 protein in the Reed-Sternberg cells

Occurrence of Hodgkin Disease

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Hodgkin Disease cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Not common between 50K - 500K cases

Common Age Group

Hodgkin Disease most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 15-35 years

Common Gender

Hodgkin Disease can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Hodgkin Disease

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Hodgkin Disease:
  • Physical exam: Doctor will check for swollen lymph nodes
  • Blood test: To diagnose the possibility of cancer
  • Imaging tests: To diagnose Hodgkin's disease with X-ray, positron emission tomography and CT scan

Doctor for Diagnosis of Hodgkin Disease

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Hodgkin Disease:
  • Hematologist
  • Medical oncologist
  • Radiation oncologist

Complications of Hodgkin Disease if untreated

Yes, Hodgkin Disease causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Hodgkin Disease is left untreated:
  • hypoxemia
  • weight loss
  • tracheoesophageal fistula

Procedures for Treatment of Hodgkin Disease

The following procedures are used to treat Hodgkin Disease:
  • Chemotherapy: To kill lymphoma cells
  • Radiation therapy: To kill cancer cells with high-energy beams
  • Stem cell transplant: To replace diseased bone marrow with the healthy stem cells

Self-care for Hodgkin Disease

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Hodgkin Disease:
  • eat well
  • relax
  • get enough rest
  • do exercise to stay active

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Hodgkin Disease

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Hodgkin Disease:
  • Acupuncture: Help treating Hodgkin disease
  • Aromatherapy: Help treating Hodgkin disease
  • Get massage therapy: Help relax muscles
  • Do meditation: Help treating Hodgkin disease

Patient Support for Treatment of Hodgkin Disease

The following actions may help Hodgkin Disease patients:
  • Education: Learn more about the cancer to feel comfortable and take decisions
  • Maintain a strong support system: Having a support system with friends and family help you deal with illness

Time for Treatment of Hodgkin Disease

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Hodgkin Disease to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • More than 1 year

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Hodgkin Disease.

Related Topics


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