Symptoms of Hypercalcaemia

The following features are indicative of Hypercalcaemia:
  • excessive thirst
  • stomach upset
  • frequent urination
  • vomiting
  • nausea
  • bone pain
  • constipation
  • depression
  • muscle weakness
  • fatigue
  • confusion
  • lethargy
  • fainting
  • palpitations
  • abdominal pain
It is possible that Hypercalcaemia shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Hypercalcaemia

The following are the most common causes of Hypercalcaemia:
  • taking too much of calcium and vitamin D supplements
  • overactive parathyroid glands
  • breast cancer
  • lung cancer
  • familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia
  • severe dehydration

Other Causes of Hypercalcaemia

The following are the less common causes of Hypercalcaemia:
  • certain drugs such as lithium
  • sarcoidosis
  • tuberculosis
  • immobility

Risk Factors for Hypercalcaemia

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Hypercalcaemia:
  • women
  • age older than 50 years

Prevention of Hypercalcaemia

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Hypercalcaemia. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • drink plenty of fluids
  • decrease calcium intake by eating fewer dairy products and other high-calcium foods
  • raise salt intake
  • walk and maintain bone density

Occurrence of Hypercalcaemia

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Hypercalcaemia cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Hypercalcaemia can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Hypercalcaemia can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Hypercalcaemia

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Hypercalcaemia:
  • Blood tests: To view the high level of blood calcium and detect the parathyroid hormone level
  • Electrocardiography (ECG): To diagnose the abnormal heart rhythms

Doctor for Diagnosis of Hypercalcaemia

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Hypercalcaemia:
  • Endocrinologist

Complications of Hypercalcaemia if untreated

Yes, Hypercalcaemia causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Hypercalcaemia is left untreated:
  • kidney stones
  • osteoporosis
  • confusion
  • kidney failure
  • coma
  • dementia
  • abnormal heart rhythm

Procedures for Treatment of Hypercalcaemia

The following procedures are used to treat Hypercalcaemia:
  • Surgery: To eliminate the tissue that's causing the problem

Self-care for Hypercalcaemia

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Hypercalcaemia:
  • Drink plenty of fluids: Helps in preventing kidney stones from forming and dehydration
  • Decrease calcium intake: Eat fewer dairy products and other high-calcium foods, helps in preventing hypercalcemia

Patient Support for Treatment of Hypercalcaemia

The following actions may help Hypercalcaemia patients:
  • Palliative care: Talk with health care provider about any symptoms or side effects of the disease, provides relief from the condition

Time for Treatment of Hypercalcaemia

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Hypercalcaemia to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 3 - 6 months

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Hypercalcaemia.

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