Also called: High blood glucose, High blood sugar

Hyperglycemia means high blood sugar or glucose. Glucose comes from the foods you eat. Insulin is a hormone that moves glucose into your cells to give them energy. Hyperglycemia happens when your body doesn't make enough insulin or can't use it the right way.

People with diabetes can get hyperglycemia from not eating the right foods or not taking medicines correctly. Other problems that can raise blood sugar include infections, certain medicines, hormone imbalances, or severe illnesses.

Symptoms of Hyperglycemia

The following features are indicative of Hyperglycemia:
  • frequent urination
  • increased thirst
  • blurred vision
  • fatigue
  • headache
  • fruity-smelling breath
  • nausea and vomiting
  • shortness of breath
  • dry mouth
  • weakness
  • confusion
It is possible that Hyperglycemia shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Hyperglycemia

The following are the most common causes of Hyperglycemia:
  • oral diabetes medication
  • not injecting insulin properly
  • being inactive
  • having an illness or infection
  • being injured or having surgery
  • emotional stress

Risk Factors for Hyperglycemia

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Hyperglycemia:
  • emotional stress

Prevention of Hyperglycemia

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Hyperglycemia. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • take balanced diet
  • monitor the blood sugar levels regularly
  • regular physical activity

Occurrence of Hyperglycemia

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Hyperglycemia cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Hyperglycemia most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 35-50 years

Common Gender

Hyperglycemia can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Hyperglycemia

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Hyperglycemia:
  • Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test: To test the average blood sugar level for the past two to three months

Doctor for Diagnosis of Hyperglycemia

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Hyperglycemia:
  • Endocrinologist

Complications of Hyperglycemia if untreated

Yes, Hyperglycemia causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Hyperglycemia is left untreated:
  • cardiovascular disease
  • nerve damage
  • kidney damage
  • damage to the blood vessels of the retina
  • cataract
  • bone and joint problems
  • teeth and gum infections

Procedures for Treatment of Hyperglycemia

The following procedures are used to treat Hyperglycemia:
  • Fluid replacement: Dilute the excess sugar in the blood
  • Electrolyte replacement: Transfer of electrolytes in the blood

Self-care for Hyperglycemia

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Hyperglycemia:
  • Regular exercise: Control the blood sugar levels
  • Follow healthy meal plan: Eating healthy diet keeps the sugar levels in control

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Hyperglycemia

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Hyperglycemia:
  • Consume mixture of Ginseng extracts, leaf of Panax quinquefolium and Panax ginseng: A mixture of Ginseng extracts, leaf of Panax quinquefolium and Panax ginseng controls the sugar levels

Time for Treatment of Hyperglycemia

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Hyperglycemia to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 3 months

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Hyperglycemia.

Related Topics

Blood Sugar

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