Symptoms of Hyperkalemia

The following features are indicative of Hyperkalemia:
  • nausea
  • slow, weak, or irregular pulse
  • sudden collapse, when the heartbeat gets too slow or even
It is possible that Hyperkalemia shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Hyperkalemia

The following are the most common causes of Hyperkalemia:
  • acute kidney failure
  • chronic kidney disease
  • Addison's disease
  • angiotensin II receptor blockers
  • angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
  • beta blockers

Other Causes of Hyperkalemia

The following are the less common causes of Hyperkalemia:
  • dehydration
  • destruction of red blood cells due to severe injury or burns
  • excessive use of potassium supplements
  • type 1 diabetes

Prevention of Hyperkalemia

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Hyperkalemia. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • reduction of dietary potassium
  • removal of an offending medication

Occurrence of Hyperkalemia

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Hyperkalemia cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Hyperkalemia most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 35-50 years

Common Gender

Hyperkalemia can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Hyperkalemia

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Hyperkalemia:
  • Electrocardiography: To check the significant risk of abnormal heart rhythms
  • Blood tests: To check the kidney function
  • Electrocardiographic findings: To confirm the prolongation of the PR interval and development of peaked T waves

Doctor for Diagnosis of Hyperkalemia

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Hyperkalemia:
  • Nephrologist

Complications of Hyperkalemia if untreated

Yes, Hyperkalemia causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Hyperkalemia is left untreated:
  • pulmonary edema
  • cardiovascular disease
  • weak bones and an increased risk of bone fractures
  • anemia
  • decreased sex drive
  • erectile dysfunction
  • reduced fertility
  • damage to the central nervous system
  • decreased immune response
  • pericarditis
  • pregnancy complications
  • irreversible damage to the kidneys

Procedures for Treatment of Hyperkalemia

The following procedures are used to treat Hyperkalemia:
  • Dialysis: Removes the waste products and extra fluid from the blood
  • Kidney transplant: Surgically placing a healthy kidney from a donor into patient's body

Self-care for Hyperkalemia

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Hyperkalemia:
  • Avoid products with added salt: Lower the amount of sodium
  • Choose lower potassium foods: Avoid them if having kidney failure
  • Limit the amount of protein while eating: Take dietitian help to estimate the appropriate number of protein in diet

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Hyperkalemia

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Hyperkalemia:
  • Aromatherapy: Lessens the patient's discomfort following surgery

Patient Support for Treatment of Hyperkalemia

The following actions may help Hyperkalemia patients:
  • Connect with other people who have kidney disease: Makes comfortable
  • Maintain normal routine: Do the activities to enjoy and continuing to work
  • Talk with a person of trust: Talk about feelings with the closed ones

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Hyperkalemia.

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