A sleep disorder characterized by excessive sleepiness

Symptoms of Hypersomnia

The following features are indicative of Hypersomnia:
  • excessive daytime sleepiness
  • sudden loss of muscle tone
  • sleep paralysis
  • hypnagogic hallucinations
  • sleep apnea

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Common Causes of Hypersomnia

The following are the most common causes of Hypersomnia:
  • circadian rhythm disorders
  • hypothyroidism
  • diabetes
  • fibromyalgia
  • sleeping sickness
  • depression
  • anxiety
  • stress

Other Causes of Hypersomnia

The following are the less common causes of Hypersomnia:
  • medications like analgesics
  • antidepressants
  • antihistamines
  • antipsychotics

Risk Factors for Hypersomnia

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Hypersomnia:
  • people having low levels of the chemical hypocretin

Prevention of Hypersomnia

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Hypersomnia. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • eat carbohydrate rich foods
  • physical exercise in the afternoon
  • a cold shower just before going to bed

Occurrence of Hypersomnia

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Hypersomnia cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Hypersomnia can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Hypersomnia can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Hypersomnia

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Hypersomnia:
  • Blood test: To check CBC and blood differential, blood sugar level, electrolytes, and thyroid hormone levels
  • Head CT scan (Computed tomography): To take the imaginary view of the head
  • EEG (Electroencephalogram): To record electrical activity of the brain
  • Sleep studies: To record the body activity during sleep
  • Urine test: To perform urinalysis for diagnosis of disease
  • Epworth sleepiness scale: To measure the daytime sleepiness

Complications of Hypersomnia if untreated

Yes, Hypersomnia causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Hypersomnia is left untreated:
  • low sex drive
  • impotence
  • lazy or lethargic personality
  • increased risk of accident while cooking and driving
  • obesity

Procedures for Treatment of Hypersomnia

The following procedures are used to treat Hypersomnia:
  • Hypocretin replacement: To maintain the level of hypocretin in the patients
  • Hypocretin gene therapy: To stimulate the production of hypocretin
  • Immunotherapy: To boost the immune system

Self-care for Hypersomnia

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Hypersomnia:
  • Take scheduled sleep: Sleep and wake up at the same timing daily
  • Take naps: Schedule short naps of 20 minutes at regular intervals during the day
  • Avoid nicotine and alcohol: At night, these can worsen the signs and symptoms
  • Do exercise: Get moderate, regular exercise at least four to five hours before bedtime

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Hypersomnia.

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