Blood pressure that is abnormally high.

Symptoms of Hypertension

The following features are indicative of Hypertension:
  • headache
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • confusion
  • vision changes
  • nosebleeds

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Common Causes of Hypertension

The following are the most common causes of Hypertension:
  • genetic factors
  • imbalance in kidney functions
  • vasoconstriction
  • structural changes in arteries
  • obesity
  • hormonal changes

Other Causes of Hypertension

The following are the less common causes of Hypertension:
  • stress
  • high salt intake
  • high alcohol intake
  • diabetes
  • smoke

Risk Factors for Hypertension

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Hypertension:
  • old age
  • overweight
  • men before age 55
  • women after age 55
  • African American
  • family history

Prevention of Hypertension

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Hypertension. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • healthy lifestyle
  • reduce dietary sodium intake
  • aerobic physical activity
  • limit alcohol consumption
  • fruits and vegetables rich diet

Occurrence of Hypertension

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Hypertension cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Hypertension can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Hypertension can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Hypertension

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Hypertension:
  • Sphygmomanometer: To check the systolic and diastolic blood pressure
  • Echocardiogram: To check heart functions
  • Urinalysis: To check kidney functions

Doctor for Diagnosis of Hypertension

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Hypertension:
  • Cardiologist

Complications of Hypertension if untreated

Yes, Hypertension causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Hypertension is left untreated:
  • heart attack
  • aneurysm
  • heart failure
  • metabolic syndrome
  • vision loss
  • memory dysfunctions

Self-care for Hypertension

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Hypertension:
  • Healthy lifestyle: Eat healthy food rich in fruits and vegetables
  • Salt intake: Reduce salt intake
  • Weight: Maintain healthy weight
  • Physical activity: Do regular exercise
  • Alcohol intake: Limit alcohol consumption
  • Stress: Do meditation

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Hypertension

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Hypertension:
  • Acupuncture: To lower systolic and diastolic pressure

Patient Support for Treatment of Hypertension

The following actions may help Hypertension patients:
  • Family support: Helps in reminding about medication

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Hypertension.
Pregnancy-Induced Hypertension
Hypertension in Pregnancy
Malignant Hypertension

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