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Lower than normal levels of magnesium in the circulating blood
Symptoms of Hypomagnesemia
The following features are indicative of Hypomagnesemia:
abnormal eye movements (nystagmus)
abnormal heart rhythms
increased irritability of the nervous system
extensor plantar reflex
fast heart rate
It is possible that Hypomagnesemia shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.
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Common Causes of Hypomagnesemia
The following are the most common causes of Hypomagnesemia:
not enough magnesium in the diet
intestines are not absorbing enough magnesium
kidneys are excreting too much magnesium
genetic mutations in SLC12A3, CLNCKB, CLDN16, CLDN19, SARS2, TRPM6 or CNNM2
Risk Factors for Hypomagnesemia
The following factors may increase the likelihood of Hypomagnesemia:
burns that affect a large area of the body
inflammatory bowel disease
Prevention of Hypomagnesemia
Yes, it may be possible to prevent Hypomagnesemia. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
counsume magnesemia-rich diet including green vegetables, seafood, cocoa derivatives, nuts, wheat, and meat
Occurrence of Hypomagnesemia
Number of Cases
The following are the number of Hypomagnesemia cases seen each year worldwide:
Very common > 10 Million cases
Common Age Group
Hypomagnesemia can occur at any age.
Hypomagnesemia can occur in any gender.
Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Hypomagnesemia
The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Hypomagnesemia:
Blood test: To measure magnesium level in the blood
ECG (Electrocardiography): It reveals a tachycardia with a prolonged QT interval due to hypomagnesemia
Urine test: To measure magnesium level in the urine sample
Complications of Hypomagnesemia if untreated
Yes, Hypomagnesemia causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Hypomagnesemia is left untreated:
can be fatal
Self-care for Hypomagnesemia
The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Hypomagnesemia:
Magnesemia-rich diet: Consuming diet including green vegetables, seafood, cocoa derivatives, nuts, wheat, and meat help restore depleted magnesium
Last updated date
This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
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