An endocrine disorder characterized by decreased production of parathyroid hormone by the parathyroid glands. It is usually caused by damage of the parathyroid glands during head and neck surgery. Signs and symptoms include muscle cramps, abdominal pain, dry skin, brittle nails, cataracts, tetany, and convulsions.

Symptoms of Hypoparathyroidism

The following features are indicative of Hypoparathyroidism:
  • muscle aches or cramps in your legs, feet, abdomen or face
  • dry, coarse skin
  • tingling or burning in fingertips, toes and lips
  • fatigue
  • twitching or spasms of your muscles
  • brittle nails
  • patchy hair loss
  • depression
  • painful menstruation
It is possible that Hypoparathyroidism shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Hypoparathyroidism

The following are the most common causes of Hypoparathyroidism:
  • when parathyroid glands don't secrete enough parathyroid hormone
  • post-surgical hypoparathyroidism
  • hereditary hypoparathyroidism
  • autoimmune disease
  • low levels of magnesium in the blood
  • extensive cancer radiation treatment of the face or neck

Risk Factors for Hypoparathyroidism

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Hypoparathyroidism:
  • family history of hypoparathyroidism
  • recent neck surgery
  • Addison's disease

Prevention of Hypoparathyroidism

No, it is not possible to prevent Hypoparathyroidism.
  • family history
  • autoimmune disease

Occurrence of Hypoparathyroidism

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Hypoparathyroidism cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Hypoparathyroidism can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Hypoparathyroidism can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Hypoparathyroidism

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Hypoparathyroidism:
  • Blood tests: To diagnose the hypoparathyroidism
  • Urine test: To determine the cause of hypoparathyroidism

Doctor for Diagnosis of Hypoparathyroidism

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Hypoparathyroidism:
  • Endocrinologist

Complications of Hypoparathyroidism if untreated

Yes, Hypoparathyroidism causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Hypoparathyroidism is left untreated:
  • paresthesias
  • grand mal seizures
  • impaired kidney function
  • tetany
  • malformed teeth
  • heart arrhythmias
  • cataracts
  • slow mental development in children
  • short stature
  • fainting

Self-care for Hypoparathyroidism

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Hypoparathyroidism:
  • Intake of diet rich in calcium: Dairy products, green leafy vegetables, broccoli and foods with added calcium should be taken, normalize levels of calcium and phosphorus in the body
  • Avoid carbonated soft drinks: Limit meats, hard cheeses, whole grains and carbonated soft drinks, relieves the symptoms of the condition

Time for Treatment of Hypoparathyroidism

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Hypoparathyroidism to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Disease cannot be treated but only maintained or effects reduced

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Hypoparathyroidism.

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