Decrease in peristalsis in the absence of a mechanical bowel obstruction.

Symptoms of Ileus

The following features are indicative of Ileus:
  • crampy abdominal pain
  • loss of appetite
  • constipation
  • vomiting
  • inability to have a bowel movement or pass gas
  • swelling of the abdomen
It is possible that Ileus shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Ileus

The following are the most common causes of Ileus:
  • intestinal adhesions
  • colon cancer
  • telescoping of the intestine in children

Other Causes of Ileus

The following are the less common causes of Ileus:
  • hernias
  • Crohn's disease
  • diverticulitis
  • twisting of the colon
  • impacted feces

Risk Factors for Ileus

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Ileus:
  • abdominal or pelvic surgery
  • Crohn's disease
  • cancer in the abdomen

Prevention of Ileus

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Ileus. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • reduce insoluble fibre intake
  • drink plenty of water

Occurrence of Ileus

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Ileus cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Ileus most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 20-50 years

Common Gender

Ileus can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Ileus

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Ileus:
  • X-ray: To confirm a diagnosis of intestinal obstruction
  • Computerized tomography: To produce the cross-sectional images
  • Ultrasound: To see the intestine coiled within the intestine
  • Air or barium enema: Provides enhanced imaging of the colon

Doctor for Diagnosis of Ileus

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Ileus:
  • General surgeon

Complications of Ileus if untreated

Yes, Ileus causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Ileus is left untreated:
  • tissue death
  • infection in the abdominal cavity

Procedures for Treatment of Ileus

The following procedures are used to treat Ileus:
  • Surgery: To relieve the obstruction

Self-care for Ileus

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Ileus:
  • Fluid intake: Keeps the bowel movements normal
  • Food intake: Eat small amounts of food several times a day

Time for Treatment of Ileus

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Ileus to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 4 weeks

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Ileus.

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