Seizures in the first years of life characterized by flexion and extension jerks of the neck, trunk, and extremities.

Symptoms of Infantile Spasms

The following features are indicative of Infantile Spasms:
  • severe myoclonic convulsions
  • convulsions of the throat and neck flexor muscles
  • flexor spasm with rapid bending of the head

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Common Causes of Infantile Spasms

The following are the most common causes of Infantile Spasms:
  • malfunctioning in the regulation of the GABA transmission process

Risk Factors for Infantile Spasms

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Infantile Spasms:
  • family history
  • central nervous system infections

Prevention of Infantile Spasms

No, it is not possible to prevent Infantile Spasms. Prevention may not be possible for the following reasons:

Occurrence of Infantile Spasms

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Infantile Spasms cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Infantile Spasms most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Less than 1 year old

Common Gender

Infantile Spasms can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Infantile Spasms

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Infantile Spasms:
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): Helps in determining the etiology in infantile spasms
  • Physical examination: Identify patients with tuberous sclerosis and neurofibromatosis

Doctor for Diagnosis of Infantile Spasms

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Infantile Spasms:
  • Neurologist

Complications of Infantile Spasms if untreated

Yes, Infantile Spasms causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Infantile Spasms is left untreated:
  • Lennox-Gastaut syndrome
  • autism
  • cerebral palsy

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Infantile Spasms

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Infantile Spasms:
  • Use of Ketogenic Diet: Helps in profounding epilepsies including infantile spasms with or without the concurrent use of medications

Time for Treatment of Infantile Spasms

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Infantile Spasms to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 3 months

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Infantile Spasms.

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