Inflammation of the cornea.

Symptoms of keratitis

The following features are indicative of keratitis:
  • eye redness
  • eye pain
  • excess tear discharge from eyes
  • difficulty in opening eyelid
  • blurred vision
  • decreased vision
  • sensitivity to light

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Common Causes of keratitis

The following are the most common causes of keratitis:
  • eye injury
  • contaminated contact lenses
  • herpes simplex viral infection
  • use of contaminated water

Risk Factors for keratitis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of keratitis:
  • weakened immune system
  • exposure to warm climate
  • use of contact lenses

Prevention of keratitis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent keratitis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • proper washing of hands before handling contact lenses
  • replace contact lens case every three to six months
  • avoid touching eyes while having viral infection

Occurrence of keratitis

Number of Cases

The following are the number of keratitis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

keratitis can occur at any age.

Common Gender

keratitis can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of keratitis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect keratitis:
  • Eye examination: Helps in determination of visual acuity
  • Penlight examination: Helps to identify the extent and character of surface irregularities and ulcers of the cornea
  • Slit-lamp examination: Helps in proper visualization of structures of eyes to detect the character and extent of keratitis

Complications of keratitis if untreated

Yes, keratitis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if keratitis is left untreated:
  • chronic corneal inflammation
  • corneal ulcers
  • corneal swelling
  • corneal scarring
  • permanent reduction in vision
  • blindness

Procedures for Treatment of keratitis

The following procedures are used to treat keratitis:
  • Corneal transplantation: To restore vision of eye

Self-care for keratitis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of keratitis:
  • proper washing of hands before handling contact lenses
  • replace contact lens case every three to six months
  • avoid touching eyes while having viral infection

Time for Treatment of keratitis

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for keratitis to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 6 months - 1 year

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for keratitis.

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