Symptoms of Keratomalacia

The following features are indicative of Keratomalacia:
  • poor vision at night
  • night blindness
  • extreme dryness of the eyes (xerophthalmia)
  • corneal wrinkling
  • corneal progressive cloudiness
  • increasing softening of the corneas (keratomalacia)
It is possible that Keratomalacia shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Keratomalacia

The following are the most common causes of Keratomalacia:
  • vitamin A deficiency
  • protein-calorie malnutrition

Risk Factors for Keratomalacia

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Keratomalacia:
  • vitamin A deficiency

Prevention of Keratomalacia

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Keratomalacia. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • intake citrus fruits
  • vitamin A supplements

Occurrence of Keratomalacia

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Keratomalacia cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Keratomalacia can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Keratomalacia can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Keratomalacia

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Keratomalacia:
  • Clinical evaluation: To diagnose Keratomalacia
  • Assessment of beta-carotene levels: To diagnose for Keratomalacia
  • Vitamin A levels evaluation: To diagnose for Keratomalacia
  • Eye examination: To evaluate external appearance of the eyes, visual acuity, eye movements, and visual fields
  • Slit-lamp examination: To view the conjunctivae, corneas, and other regions of the eyes

Doctor for Diagnosis of Keratomalacia

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Keratomalacia:
  • Endocrinologist
  • Ophthalmologist

Complications of Keratomalacia if untreated

Yes, Keratomalacia causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Keratomalacia is left untreated:
  • blindness

Self-care for Keratomalacia

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Keratomalacia:
  • Eat balanced diet: Adequate protein and vitamin A or carotenes diet can help prevent vitamin A deficiency
  • Intake vitamin A containing foods: Help to prevent vitamin A deficiency in Children who are at risk of Keratomalacia

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Keratomalacia

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Keratomalacia:
  • Vitamin A supplementation: For individuals with impaired vitamin A absorption, storage, or transport
  • Vitamin A within substitute formulas: Helps to prevent vitamin A deficiency in children

Patient Support for Treatment of Keratomalacia

The following actions may help Keratomalacia patients:
  • Join Online support groups: Helps providing emotional support to children and adults suffering from disease

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Keratomalacia.

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