Left ventricular failure

Symptoms of Left ventricular failure

The following features are indicative of Left ventricular failure:
  • fatigue
  • tachypnoea
  • pulmonary edema
  • gallop rhythm
  • increased intracardiac pressure
  • dyspnea
  • orthopnea
  • paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
It is possible that Left ventricular failure shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Left ventricular failure

The following are the most common causes of Left ventricular failure:
  • amyloidosis
  • overloading of the ventricle reduces the force of contraction
  • reduced ability of cross-link actin
  • reduced ability of myosin

Risk Factors for Left ventricular failure

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Left ventricular failure:
  • hypertension
  • diabetes
  • dyslipidemia
  • obesity
  • smoking

Prevention of Left ventricular failure

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Left ventricular failure. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • avoid drinking alcohol
  • avoid illegal drugs use
  • do physical exercise
  • keep blood pressure under control
  • keep high blood cholesterol under control
  • low salt diet
  • low sugar intake
  • avoid alcohol

Occurrence of Left ventricular failure

Common Age Group

Left ventricular failure most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged > 50 years

Common Gender

Left ventricular failure can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Left ventricular failure

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Left ventricular failure:
  • Blood test: To check for disease
  • Chest X-ray: To check for condition of heart
  • ECG (Electrocardiogram): To record the activity of heart
  • Echocardiogram: To check for size and shape of heart
  • Cardiac CT scan (computerized tomography): To collect the information of heart through all sides
  • MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging): To produce images of heart
  • Coronary angiogram: To check for arteries and vein function

Complications of Left ventricular failure if untreated

Yes, Left ventricular failure causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Left ventricular failure is left untreated:
  • kidney damage
  • liver damage
  • heart valve problem
  • heart rhythm problem

Procedures for Treatment of Left ventricular failure

The following procedures are used to treat Left ventricular failure:
  • Coronary bypass surgery: To allow blood to flow freely
  • ICDs (Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators): To increase the rhythm of heart
  • CRT (Cardiac resynchronization therapy): To help heart to pump in efficient, coordinated manner
  • VADs (Ventricular assist devices): To pump blood to rest of the body

Self-care for Left ventricular failure

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Left ventricular failure:
  • Stop smoking: To prevent from damage of blood vessel
  • Eat a healthy diet: To maintain healthy heart
  • Restrict sodium: To keep heart to work smooth
  • Avoid alcohol: To prevent from abnormal heart rhythm
  • Reduce stress: To keep heartbeat normal

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Left ventricular failure.

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