A disorder characterized by replacement of the liver parenchyma with fibrous tissue and regenerative nodules. It is usually caused by alcoholism, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C. Complications include the development of ascites, esophageal varices, bleeding, and hepatic encephalopathy

Symptoms of Liver Cirrhosis

The following features are indicative of Liver Cirrhosis:
  • fatigue
  • poor appetite
  • weight loss
  • belly pain
  • appearance of red spider-like blood vessels on the skin
  • edema
  • jaundice
  • impotence
  • breast swelling
  • abnormal bleeding
  • confusion
  • pale colored stools

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Common Causes of Liver Cirrhosis

The following are the most common causes of Liver Cirrhosis:
  • hepatitis B infection
  • hepatitis C infection
  • alcohol abuse
  • liver diseases passed down in families
  • bile duct disorders

Risk Factors for Liver Cirrhosis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Liver Cirrhosis:
  • sharing of contaminated needles
  • unprotected sex
  • obesity

Prevention of Liver Cirrhosis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Liver Cirrhosis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • avoid alcohol consumption
  • consuming healthy and balanced diet
  • maintaining a healthy weight

Occurrence of Liver Cirrhosis

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Liver Cirrhosis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Liver Cirrhosis can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Liver Cirrhosis can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Liver Cirrhosis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Liver Cirrhosis:
  • Magnetic Resonance Elastography: Detect hardening or stiffening of the liver
  • Ultrasound Imaging: To create images of the liver
  • Liver Biopsy: Identify the severity, extent and cause of liver damage
  • Liver Function Test: Check for excess bilirubin
  • Kidney Function Test: Helps in detection of levels of creatinine in kidney
  • Diagnosis for international normalized ratio (INR): Check the body's ability to clot

Doctor for Diagnosis of Liver Cirrhosis

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Liver Cirrhosis:
  • Gastroenterologist
  • Hematologist

Complications of Liver Cirrhosis if untreated

Yes, Liver Cirrhosis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Liver Cirrhosis is left untreated:
  • bleeding disorders
  • buildup of fluid in the abdomen
  • bacterial peritonitis
  • portal hypertension
  • kidney failure
  • hepatocellular carcinoma
  • hepatic encephalopathy

Procedures for Treatment of Liver Cirrhosis

The following procedures are used to treat Liver Cirrhosis:
  • Liver Transplantation: Helps in transplanting damaged liver with a healthy liver

Self-care for Liver Cirrhosis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Liver Cirrhosis:
  • Avoid alcohol consumption: For prevention of liver damage
  • Eat a low-sodium diet: Helps in prevention of swelling in abdomen and legs
  • Consumption of healthy diet: To prevent malnutrition and loss of muscle
  • Proper washing of hands: Helps in fight off infections

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Liver Cirrhosis

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Liver Cirrhosis:
  • Use of Milk thistle (silymarin): Helps in treatment of liver diseases

Patient Support for Treatment of Liver Cirrhosis

The following actions may help Liver Cirrhosis patients:
  • Medical care support groups: Focuses on providing patients with relief from the symptoms and pain of severe conditions of Cirrhosis

Time for Treatment of Liver Cirrhosis

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Liver Cirrhosis to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 6 months - 1 year

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Liver Cirrhosis.
Primary Biliary Cholangitis
Hepatorenal Syndrome
Portal Hypertension
Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency

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