The lymphatic system is a network of tissues and organs. It is made up of

  • Lymph - a fluid that contains white blood cells that defend against germs
  • Lymph vessels - vessels that carry lymph throughout your body. They are different from blood vessels.
  • Lymph nodes - glands found throughout the lymph vessels. Along with your spleen, these nodes are where white blood cells fight infection.

Your bone marrow and thymus produce the cells in lymph. They are part of the system, too.

The lymphatic system clears away infection and keeps your body fluids in balance. If it's not working properly, fluid builds in your tissues and causes swelling, called lymphedema. Other lymphatic system problems can include infections, blockage, and cancer.

Symptoms of Lymphatic Diseases

The following features are indicative of Lymphatic Diseases:
  • chest pain or aches
  • fatigue
  • frequent cough
  • shortness of breath
  • wheezing
  • swelling of a part or all of the leg or arm
  • feeling of heaviness or tightness
  • restricted range of motion
  • aching or discomfort
  • recurring infections
  • hardening and thickening of the skin
  • elephantiasis
It is possible that Lymphatic Diseases shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Lymphatic Diseases

The following are the most common causes of Lymphatic Diseases:
  • presence of thread-like parasitic worms such as Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi, and Brugia timori
  • removal of lymph nodes and lymph vessels
  • radiation treatment for cancer
  • Milroy's disease

Other Causes of Lymphatic Diseases

The following are the less common causes of Lymphatic Diseases:
  • cancer
  • infection of the lymph nodes or parasites
  • late-onset lymphedema
  • Meige's disease

Risk Factors for Lymphatic Diseases

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Lymphatic Diseases:
  • women of childbearing age
  • older age
  • women with tuberous sclerosis complex
  • excess weight or obesity
  • rheumatoid or psoriatic arthritis

Prevention of Lymphatic Diseases

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Lymphatic Diseases. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • rest your leg or arm while recovering
  • avoid heat on your leg or arm
  • elevate your leg or arm
  • avoid tight clothing
  • keep your leg or arm clean

Occurrence of Lymphatic Diseases

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Lymphatic Diseases cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Lymphatic Diseases can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Lymphatic Diseases can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Lymphatic Diseases

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Lymphatic Diseases:
  • Lung function tests: To measure the amount of air breathe in and out
  • Arterial blood gas tests: To diagnose if you need oxygen therapy
  • Chest X-ray: To check collapsed lung or fluid in the chest
  • High-resolution CT (HRCT) scan: To check excess fluid, cysts, enlarged lymph nodes and a collapsed lung
  • Microscopic examination: To find the microfilariae
  • Blood test: To diagnose the disease
  • Doppler ultrasound: To check blood flow and pressure
  • Lymphoscintigraphy: To check the blockage in the lymph vessels

Doctor for Diagnosis of Lymphatic Diseases

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Lymphatic Diseases:
  • Infectious Disease Specialist
  • Surgeon

Complications of Lymphatic Diseases if untreated

Yes, Lymphatic Diseases causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Lymphatic Diseases is left untreated:
  • blood in the urine
  • angiomyolipomas and other tumors
  • enlarged lymph nodes
  • pleural effusions
  • pneumothorax
  • swelling or the buildup of fluid
  • infections
  • lymphangiosarcoma

Procedures for Treatment of Lymphatic Diseases

The following procedures are used to treat Lymphatic Diseases:
  • Surgery: To correct elephantiasis
  • Lung transplant: For severe lung damage

Self-care for Lymphatic Diseases

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Lymphatic Diseases:
  • Regular exercise: To promote the drainage of lymph fluid
  • Use compression garments: Wear stockings or long sleeves to compress your arm or leg

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Lymphatic Diseases

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Lymphatic Diseases:
  • Massage therapy: To enhance the flow of lymph fluid out of the arm or leg

Patient Support for Treatment of Lymphatic Diseases

The following actions may help Lymphatic Diseases patients:
  • Join support groups: Join online support groups to know about the experiences of other people with similar condition

Time for Treatment of Lymphatic Diseases

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Lymphatic Diseases to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Disease cannot be treated but only maintained or effects reduced

Is Lymphatic Diseases Infectious?

Yes, Lymphatic Diseases is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
  • mosquitoes bites

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Lymphatic Diseases.
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