A disorder of the brain that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks. Often these moods range and shift from periods of elation and energized behavior to those of hopelessness and depression.

Symptoms of Manic Depression

The following features are indicative of Manic Depression:
  • unusually intense emotion
  • changes in sleep patterns and activity levels
  • unusual behaviors

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Common Causes of Manic Depression

The following are the most common causes of Manic Depression:
  • genetic factors
  • environmental factors
  • neurological conditions or injury
  • physiological factors

Risk Factors for Manic Depression

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Manic Depression:
  • having a first-degree relative
  • periods of high stress
  • alcohol or drug abuse

Prevention of Manic Depression

No, it is not possible to prevent Manic Depression.
  • mutations in BDNF, DRD4, DAO, and TPH1 genes

Occurrence of Manic Depression

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Manic Depression cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Manic Depression most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 20-35 years

Common Gender

Manic Depression can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Manic Depression

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Manic Depression:
  • ICD-10 criteria: To diagnose bipolar disorder
  • DSM criteria: To diagnose bipolar disorder

Doctor for Diagnosis of Manic Depression

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Manic Depression:
  • Psychiatrist

Complications of Manic Depression if untreated

Yes, Manic Depression causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Manic Depression is left untreated:
  • problems related to alcohol or drug use
  • suicide or suicide attempts
  • poor work or school performance

Procedures for Treatment of Manic Depression

The following procedures are used to treat Manic Depression:
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy: Identify and replace unhealthy, negative behaviors and beliefs
  • Interpersonal and social rhythm therapy: Stabilization of daily rhythms such as mealtimes, waking and sleeping
  • Family-focused therapy: Family support and communication help to recognize and manage signs of mood swings

Medicines for Manic Depression

Below is the list of medicines used for Manic Depression:

Self-care for Manic Depression

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Manic Depression:
  • Quit drinking or using recreational drugs: Avoid alcohol or drug abuse
  • Make a healthy routine: A regular and a healthy routine for eating, physical activity and sleeping can help balance mood
  • Consider keeping a mood chart: Keep a record of daily moods, sleep, treatments and activities

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Manic Depression

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Manic Depression:
  • no known alternative medicines

Patient Support for Treatment of Manic Depression

The following actions may help Manic Depression patients:
  • Learn about bipolar disorder: Get proper education about your condition and its treatment options
  • Stay focused on goals: Stay motivated to manage bipolar disorder
  • Join a support group: Connect to other people with same conditions and share experience

Time for Treatment of Manic Depression

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Manic Depression to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Disease cannot be treated but only maintained or effects reduced

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Manic Depression.

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