Symmetrical patches of tan or brown discoloration on the skin of the face that darken with sun exposure

Symptoms of Melasma

The following features are indicative of Melasma:
  • dark patches on skin
  • brown skin color

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Common Causes of Melasma

The following are the most common causes of Melasma:
  • female sex hormones such as estrogen, progesterone
  • sunlight
  • thyroid disease
  • allergic reaction to medications and cosmetics

Risk Factors for Melasma

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Melasma:
  • female
  • sunlight

Prevention of Melasma

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Melasma. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • use sunscreen

Occurrence of Melasma

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Melasma cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Melasma most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 15-60 years

Common Gender

Melasma can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Melasma

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Melasma:
  • Wood's lamp: To detect skin color changes

Doctor for Diagnosis of Melasma

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Melasma:
  • Dermatologist

Complications of Melasma if untreated

Yes, Melasma causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Melasma is left untreated:
  • irritation
  • allergic contact dermatitis
  • erythema
  • stinging

Procedures for Treatment of Melasma

The following procedures are used to treat Melasma:
  • Laser treatment: To remove the dark pigment

Self-care for Melasma

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Melasma:
  • Use creams: To improve the appearance of melasma
  • Avoidance of sunlight: To prevent skin pigmentation

Time for Treatment of Melasma

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Melasma to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Within 1 year

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Melasma.

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