Metabolism is the process your body uses to get or make energy from the food you eat. Food is made up of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. Chemicals in your digestive system break the food parts down into sugars and acids, your body's fuel. Your body can use this fuel right away, or it can store the energy in your body tissues, such as your liver, muscles, and body fat.

A metabolic disorder occurs when abnormal chemical reactions in your body disrupt this process. When this happens, you might have too much of some substances or too little of other ones that you need to stay healthy. There are different groups of disorders. Some affect the breakdown of amino acids, carbohydrates, or lipids. Another group, mitochondrial diseases, affects the parts of the cells that produce the energy.

You can develop a metabolic disorder when some organs, such as your liver or pancreas, become diseased or do not function normally. Diabetes is an example.

Symptoms of Metabolic Disorders

The following features are indicative of Metabolic Disorders:
  • chronic diarrhea
  • abnormal stools
  • weight loss
  • gas
  • large waist circumference
  • increased thirst and urination
  • fatigue
  • blurred vision
It is possible that Metabolic Disorders shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Metabolic Disorders

The following are the most common causes of Metabolic Disorders:
  • celiac disease
  • lactose intolerance
  • short bowel syndrome
  • Whipple disease
  • genetic diseases
  • insulin resistance

Risk Factors for Metabolic Disorders

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Metabolic Disorders:
  • gastric surgery for obesity or ulcers
  • structural defect in the small intestine
  • injury to the small intestine
  • abnormal passageway between two segments of bowel
  • Crohn's disease
  • history of radiation therapy to the abdomen
  • having diabetes
  • diverticulosis of the small intestine
  • obesity

Prevention of Metabolic Disorders

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Metabolic Disorders. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • control your blood pressure
  • control your cholesterol levels
  • control your blood glucose

Occurrence of Metabolic Disorders

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Metabolic Disorders cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Metabolic Disorders can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Metabolic Disorders can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Metabolic Disorders

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Metabolic Disorders:
  • Barium X-ray of the small intestine: To diagnose diverticulosis, a blind loop, and a narrowing of the intestine
  • CT enterography: To diagnose inflammation or structural problems in the bowel
  • Blood tests: To diagnose anemia
  • Quantitative fecal fat test: To find out how well the small intestine absorbs fat
  • Large waist circumference: Measure waistline at least 35 inches for women and 40 inches for men
  • High triglyceride level: 50 milligrams per deciliter,(mg/dL), or 1.7 millimoles per liter (mmol/L), or higher
  • Reduced high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol: Less than 40 mg/dL (1.04 mmol/L) in men or less than 50 mg/dL (1.3 mmol/L) in women of this good cholesterol
  • Increased blood pressure: 130/85 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) or higher
  • Elevated fasting blood sugar : 100 mg/dL (5.6 mmol/L) or higher

Doctor for Diagnosis of Metabolic Disorders

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Metabolic Disorders:
  • Gastroenterologist
  • Endocrinologist
  • Cardiac Surgeon

Complications of Metabolic Disorders if untreated

Yes, Metabolic Disorders causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Metabolic Disorders is left untreated:
  • Vitamin B-12 deficiency
  • damage to the intestinal lining
  • osteoporosis
  • diabetes
  • cardiovascular disease

Procedures for Treatment of Metabolic Disorders

The following procedures are used to treat Metabolic Disorders:
  • no known procedures

Self-care for Metabolic Disorders

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Metabolic Disorders:
  • Take Heart-healthy diet: Keep the heart health and reduces the chances of disease
  • Have healthy weight: Keeps the hormonal and metabolic normal
  • Quit smoking: Keep the cholesterol and blood pressure in control

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Metabolic Disorders

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Metabolic Disorders:
  • Intake nutritional supplements: Take nutritional supplements to increase the levels of vitamins, iron and calcium
  • Dietary supplementation with chromium picolinate: Attenuate the insulin resistance and reduce the cardiovascular risk factors
  • Cinnamon extract supplementation: Attenuate the insulin resistance and reduce the cardiovascular risk factors
  • Do yoga, tai chi, qigong and meditation: Improves the indices of the metabolic syndrome

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Metabolic Disorders.
Amino Acid Metabolism Disorders
Carbohydrate Metabolism Disorders
G6PD Deficiency
Gaucher Disease
Genetic Brain Disorders
Lipid Metabolism Disorders
Malabsorption Syndromes
Mitochondrial Diseases
Wilson Disease

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