Your mouth is one of the most important parts of your body. Any problem that affects your mouth can make it hard to eat, drink or even smile.

Some common mouth problems include

  • Cold sores - painful sores on the lips and around the mouth, caused by a virus
  • Canker sores - painful sores in the mouth, caused by bacteria or viruses
  • Thrush - a yeast infection that causes white patches in your mouth
  • Leukoplakia - white patches of excess cell growth on the cheeks, gums or tongue, common in smokers
  • Dry mouth - a lack of enough saliva, caused by some medicines and certain diseases
  • Gum or tooth problems
  • Bad breath

Treatment for mouth disorders varies, depending on the problem. Keeping a clean mouth by brushing and flossing often is important.

Symptoms of Mouth Disorders

The following features are indicative of Mouth Disorders:
  • bleeding sore
  • non-healing sore
  • a growth, lump or thickening of the skin or lining of mouth
  • loose teeth
  • tongue pain
  • jaw pain
  • painful chewing
  • sore throat
  • tingling or burning sensation
  • difficulty eating or drinking
  • high fever
  • creamy white lesions on tongue, inner cheeks, roof of mouth, gums and tonsils
  • cottony feeling in mouth
  • loss of taste
  • mouth dryness
  • problems wearing dentures
  • grooved tongue
  • bad breath
  • feeling of stickiness in mouth

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Common Causes of Mouth Disorders

The following are the most common causes of Mouth Disorders:
  • DNA mutations
  • minor injury from dental work
  • overzealous brushing
  • accidental cheek bite
  • weak immune system
  • fungal infections
  • yeast infections
  • tobacco use

Other Causes of Mouth Disorders

The following are the less common causes of Mouth Disorders:
  • toothpastes and mouth rinses containing sodium lauryl sulfate
  • food sensitivities particularly to chocolate, coffee
  • diet lacking in vitamin B12, zinc, folate or iron
  • allergic response to certain bacteria in mouth
  • hormonal shifts during menstruation
  • emotional stress
  • celiac disease
  • inflammatory bowel diseases
  • Behcet's disease
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • age
  • nerve damage
  • allergies or reactions
  • endocrine disorders
  • psychological factors
  • nutritional deficiencies

Risk Factors for Mouth Disorders

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Mouth Disorders:
  • smoking cigarettes
  • cigars
  • chewing tobacco
  • excessive sun exposure to lips
  • human papillomavirus
  • family history
  • children and over the age of 50
  • undergoing chemotherapy or radiation treatment for cancer
  • previous dental procedures
  • anxiety
  • depression
  • stress

Prevention of Mouth Disorders

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Mouth Disorders. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • avoid foods that seem to irritate mouth
  • follow good oral hygiene habits
  • reducing stress
  • use clean dentures
  • treating vaginal yeast infections
  • keep blood sugar control

Occurrence of Mouth Disorders

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Mouth Disorders cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Mouth Disorders can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Mouth Disorders can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Mouth Disorders

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Mouth Disorders:
  • Physical exam: To examine lips and mouth to look for abnormalities
  • Endoscopy: To examine throat and voice box
  • Imaging tests: To determine whether cancer has spread beyond mouth
  • Throat culture: To determine which bacteria or fungi is causing symptoms
  • Blood tests: To identify the cause of dry mouth
  • Allergy tests: To test allergy to certain foods, additives or even substances in dentures
  • Gastric reflux tests: To determine the presence of gastroesophageal reflux disease

Doctor for Diagnosis of Mouth Disorders

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Mouth Disorders:
  • Oral medicine specialist
  • Oncologist
  • Dentist

Complications of Mouth Disorders if untreated

Yes, Mouth Disorders causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Mouth Disorders is left untreated:
  • increased plaque
  • tooth decay
  • gum disease
  • mouth sores
  • split skin at the corners of mouth
  • cracked lips
  • difficulty falling asleep
  • anxiety
  • depression

Procedures for Treatment of Mouth Disorders

The following procedures are used to treat Mouth Disorders:
  • Surgery to remove the tumor: To cut away the tumor and a margin of healthy tissue that surrounds it to ensure all of the cancer cells have been removed
  • Surgery cancer that has spread to the neck: To remove cancerous lymph nodes and related tissue in neck
  • Surgery to reconstruct the mouth: To rebuild mouth to help regain the ability to talk and eat

Self-care for Mouth Disorders

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Mouth Disorders:
  • Quit using tobacco: Helps reducing mouth disorder symptoms
  • Quit drinking alcohol: Decreases the risk of developing mouth cancer
  • Rinse mouth properly: To reduce bad breath
  • Avoid abrasive, acidic or spicy foods: Helps reducing pain and irritation
  • Brush teeth regularly: Helps avoiding dental problems
  • Practice good oral hygiene: Helps reducing mouth infections
  • Use nursing pads: Helps preventing the fungus from spreading to your clothes
  • Chew sugar-free gum: Helps to prevent cavities

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Mouth Disorders

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Mouth Disorders:
  • Do yoga: Helps relaxing the body and reducing stress
  • Relaxation therapy: Setting aside time for yourself each day helps to cope up with problem and relieves stress

Patient Support for Treatment of Mouth Disorders

The following actions may help Mouth Disorders patients:
  • Cancer survivors group: Connect with people who understand what patient is going through and learn enough about mouth cancer to make treatment decisions
  • Friends and family support: Provide both emotional and practical support to patient going through treatment
  • Join support group: Join a chronic pain support group online

Is Mouth Disorders Infectious?

Yes, Mouth Disorders is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
  • fungus
  • yeast
  • bacteria

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Mouth Disorders.
Canker Sores
Cold Sores
Dental Health
Dry Mouth
Gum Disease
Head and Neck Cancer
Oral Cancer
Salivary Gland Disorders
Speech and Communication Disorders
Streptococcal Infections
Swallowing Disorders
Throat Disorders
Tongue Disorders
Tonsils and Adenoids

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