Mycobacterial Infections

Mycobacteria are a type of germ. There are many different kinds. The most common one causes tuberculosis. Another one causes leprosy. Still others cause infections that are called atypical mycobacterial infections. They aren't "typical" because they don't cause tuberculosis. But they can still harm people, especially people with other problems that affect their immunity, such as AIDS.

Sometimes you can have these infections with no symptoms at all. At other times, they can cause lung symptoms similar to tuberculosis:

  • Cough
  • Weight loss
  • Coughing up blood or mucus
  • Weakness or fatigue
  • Fever and chills
  • Night sweats
  • Lack of appetite and weight loss

Medicines can treat these infections, but often more than one is needed to cure the infection.

Symptoms of Mycobacterial Infections

The following features are indicative of Mycobacterial Infections:
  • cough
  • weight loss
  • coughing up blood or mucus
  • weakness or fatigue
  • fever and chills
  • night sweats
  • lack of appetite and weight loss
It is possible that Mycobacterial Infections shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Mycobacterial Infections

The following are the most common causes of Mycobacterial Infections:
  • mycobacterium species
  • weak immune system
  • lung diseases
  • exposure to environmental sources

Risk Factors for Mycobacterial Infections

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Mycobacterial Infections:
  • older people
  • esophageal disorders
  • environment factors
  • weak immune system
  • Slender Caucasian women
  • lung disease

Prevention of Mycobacterial Infections

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Mycobacterial Infections. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • preventing environmental exposure to tap water and soil
  • use of specialized filtration systems in household plumbing

Occurrence of Mycobacterial Infections

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Mycobacterial Infections cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Mycobacterial Infections can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Mycobacterial Infections can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Mycobacterial Infections

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Mycobacterial Infections:
  • Chest X-ray: To detect the presence of nontuberculous mycobacteria
  • Computed tomography scan: To determine the presence of small nodules and confirm the nontuberculous mycobacterial
  • Sputum culture: To diagnose the mycobacterial infections

Doctor for Diagnosis of Mycobacterial Infections

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Mycobacterial Infections:
  • Primary care provider
  • Lung specialist

Complications of Mycobacterial Infections if untreated

Yes, Mycobacterial Infections causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Mycobacterial Infections is left untreated:
  • chronic cough
  • depression
  • anxiety

Procedures for Treatment of Mycobacterial Infections

The following procedures are used to treat Mycobacterial Infections:
  • Surgery: To eliminate the most damaged areas of the lung

Medicines for Mycobacterial Infections

Below is the list of medicines used for Mycobacterial Infections:

Self-care for Mycobacterial Infections

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Mycobacterial Infections:
  • Take nutritious diet: Maintains the bodyweight
  • Exercise regularly: Improves the feeling of fatigue

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Mycobacterial Infections

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Mycobacterial Infections:
  • Use nebulized hypertonic saline: To remove the mucus from the lungs from affected individuals
  • High frequency chest wall oscillation: A device that is used for loosen mucus in the airways

Patient Support for Treatment of Mycobacterial Infections

The following actions may help Mycobacterial Infections patients:
  • Communication: By communicating with your provider and family makes you feel comfortable
  • Join Living with Lung Disease Support Community: Helps in connecting with others facing this disease

Time for Treatment of Mycobacterial Infections

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Mycobacterial Infections to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • More than 1 year

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Mycobacterial Infections.

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