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A peripheral (mature) T-cell lymphoma presenting in the skin with patches/plaques. It is characterized by epidermal and dermal infiltration of small to medium-sized T-cells with cerebriform nuclei. Patients with limited disease generally have an excellent prognosis. In the more advanced stages, the prognosis is poor. (WHO, 2001)

Symptoms of Mycosis Fungoides

The following features are indicative of Mycosis Fungoides:
  • eczema
  • rash-like patches
  • tumors
  • lesions
  • itching (pruritus)
  • scaly patches
It is possible that Mycosis Fungoides shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Mycosis Fungoides

The following are the most common causes of Mycosis Fungoides:
  • family inheritance
  • genetic mutations

Risk Factors for Mycosis Fungoides

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Mycosis Fungoides:
  • family inheritance

Prevention of Mycosis Fungoides

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Mycosis Fungoides. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • maintain a healthy immune system
  • maintain a healthy weight
  • eat a healthy diet

Occurrence of Mycosis Fungoides

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Mycosis Fungoides cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Mycosis Fungoides most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged > 50 years

Common Gender

Mycosis Fungoides can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Mycosis Fungoides

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Mycosis Fungoides:
  • Physical exam: To examine skin for patchy, scaly regions or solid, raised growths
  • Blood tests: To determine blood if it contains skin lymphoma cells
  • Skin biopsies: To determine skin tissue whether it contains cancer cells
  • Imaging tests: Computerized tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography (PET) tests to determine if cancer cells have spread to other areas of the body
  • Immunohistochemistry: To help doctor understand prognosis and select the most effective treatment
  • polymerase chain reaction: To help doctor understand prognosis and select the most effective treatment

Doctor for Diagnosis of Mycosis Fungoides

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Mycosis Fungoides:
  • Hematologist
  • Oncologist

Complications of Mycosis Fungoides if untreated

Yes, Mycosis Fungoides causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Mycosis Fungoides is left untreated:
  • bone marrow
  • bone and neurologic lesions

Procedures for Treatment of Mycosis Fungoides

The following procedures are used to treat Mycosis Fungoides:
  • Light therapy: To kill the cancer cells
  • Radiation therapy: To kill cancer cells with the use of radioactive particles
  • Stem cell transplant: To replace diseased bone marrow with healthy bone marrow from a matched donor

Self-care for Mycosis Fungoides

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Mycosis Fungoides:
  • Exercise: To reduce or prevent lymphoma
  • Quit smoking: Avoid the use of tobacco

Patient Support for Treatment of Mycosis Fungoides

The following actions may help Mycosis Fungoides patients:
  • Education: Learn about this disease to treat or prevent its symptoms
  • Keep friends and family close: To get practical support from friends and family
  • Join online support groups: Help patients connect with other people who have lymphoma

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Mycosis Fungoides.

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