An inflammatory process affecting the spinal cord. Causes include viral infections, autoimmune disorders, vascular disorders, and toxic agents. Symptoms include weakness, paresthesia, sensory loss, pain, and incontinence

Symptoms of Myelitis

The following features are indicative of Myelitis:
  • pain in the back
  • pain in abdomen
  • intractable vomiting
  • paralysis in legs
  • paralysis in arms
  • difficulty while walking
  • increase in urinary urgency
  • constipation
  • fever
  • muscle weakness
  • respiratory problems
  • bowel dysfunctions
  • bladder dysfunctions
  • sensation of tickling
  • sensation of tingling
  • burning sensation
  • pricking sensation
  • numbness of a person's skin
It is possible that Myelitis shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Myelitis

The following are the most common causes of Myelitis:
  • human immunodeficiency virus infection
  • syphilis infection
  • lyme disease
  • tuberculosis
  • Mycoplasma Pneumoniae bacterial infection
  • Human T-lymphotropic viral infection
  • Candida albicans fungal infection
  • Cryptococcus neoformans fungal infection
  • Coccidioides immiti fungal infection
  • Toxocara canis parasitic infection

Risk Factors for Myelitis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Myelitis:
  • neuromyelitis optica (NMO)
  • being native of African American race
  • being female
  • vitamin D insufficiency
  • Sjogren syndrome
  • acute disseminated encephalomyelitis
  • systemic lupus erythematosus
  • sarcoidosis
  • eczema

Prevention of Myelitis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Myelitis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • do physical activities

Occurrence of Myelitis

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Myelitis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Myelitis can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Myelitis can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Myelitis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Myelitis:
  • Wikipedia Myelitis URL: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Myelitis
  • Mayo Clinic Transverse myelitis URL: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/transverse-myelitis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354730

Complications of Myelitis if untreated

Yes, Myelitis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Myelitis is left untreated:
  • sexual dysfunctioning
  • complete paralysis
  • depression
  • anxiety
  • painful spasms

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Myelitis

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Myelitis:
  • Physical therapy: Helps to improve strength and coordination of muscles
  • Occupational therapy: Teach peoples new ways to maintain or rebuild everyday tasks such as bathing and dressing
  • Psychotherapy: Talk therapy helps to treat anxiety, depression and sexual dysfunctioning

Patient Support for Treatment of Myelitis

The following actions may help Myelitis patients:
  • Join online support groups: Provides information on severe conditions of transverse myelitis and spinal cord injury

Time for Treatment of Myelitis

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Myelitis to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • More than 1 year

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Myelitis.
Meningoencephalitis
Transverse Myelitis

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