The condition in which the individual does not see far distances clearly

Symptoms of Myopia

The following features are indicative of Myopia:
  • headache
  • eyestrain
  • squinting
  • difficulty in seeing distant objects
It is possible that Myopia shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Myopia

The following are the most common causes of Myopia:
  • longer eyes
  • steeply curvature of cornea

Risk Factors for Myopia

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Myopia:
  • American race
  • excessive habit of reading books

Prevention of Myopia

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Myopia. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • regular checking of eyes
  • well control on diabetes and high blood pressure that triggers Myopia
  • consumption of more and more green vegetables
  • avoid consumption of smoking

Occurrence of Myopia

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Myopia cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Myopia can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Myopia can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Myopia

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Myopia:
  • Physical Examination: Examines different aspects of eyes and vision and determines the prescription needed to provide clear vision with eyeglasses or contact lenses

Doctor for Diagnosis of Myopia

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Myopia:
  • Optician
  • Optometrist
  • Ophthalmologist

Complications of Myopia if untreated

Yes, Myopia causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Myopia is left untreated:
  • retinal detachment
  • glaucoma
  • cataract
  • eyestrains
  • reduced quality of life

Procedures for Treatment of Myopia

The following procedures are used to treat Myopia:
  • Use of contact lenses: Helps in providing clearer vision and wider field of vision
  • Refractive surgery: Aims to permanently change the shape of the cornea which will improve refractive vision

Self-care for Myopia

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Myopia:
  • Regular checking of eyes: In order to reduce the risk of eye disorders
  • Control on diabetes and high blood pressure: To reduce the risk of eye disorders
  • Wearing of sunglasses: Helps in blocking ultraviolet radiations
  • Eat more green vegetables: Benefits the eyes to fight with eye disorders
  • Avoid consumption of smoking: For maintenance of eye diseases
  • Reduce eyestrain: By keeping control in day to day activities

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Myopia

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Myopia:
  • Vision therapy: Improves vision skills such as eye movement control and eye coordination
  • Bates method: An alternative therapy aimed at improving eyesight

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Myopia.

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