Symptoms of Narcolepsy

The following features are indicative of Narcolepsy:
  • excessive daytime sleepiness for seconds to minutes
  • sudden loss of muscle strength
  • sleep paralysis
  • hallucinations

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Common Causes of Narcolepsy

The following are the most common causes of Narcolepsy:
  • low level of hypocretin
  • genetic factor

Risk Factors for Narcolepsy

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Narcolepsy:
  • low level of hypocretin
  • variations in the HLA genes

Prevention of Narcolepsy

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Narcolepsy. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • avoid nicotine and alcohol
  • get regular exercise
  • stick to a schedule

Occurrence of Narcolepsy

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Narcolepsy cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Narcolepsy can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Narcolepsy can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Narcolepsy

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Narcolepsy:
  • Polysomnography: Measures a variety of signals during sleep using electrodes placed on the scalp and measures the electrical activity of the brain
  • Multiple sleep latency test: Measures how long it takes to fall asleep during the day

Doctor for Diagnosis of Narcolepsy

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Narcolepsy:
  • Neurologist

Complications of Narcolepsy if untreated

Yes, Narcolepsy causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Narcolepsy is left untreated:
  • physical harm
  • interference with intimate relationships
  • trouble functioning at work

Self-care for Narcolepsy

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Narcolepsy:
  • Stick to a schedule: Go to sleep and wake up at the same time every day, including weekends
  • Take naps: Schedule short naps at regular intervals during the day
  • Avoid nicotine and alcohol: Using such substances can worsen the signs and symptoms
  • Get regular exercise: Moderate, regular exercise at least four to five hours before bedtime may help feel more awake during the day and sleep better at night

Patient Support for Treatment of Narcolepsy

The following actions may help Narcolepsy patients:
  • Support groups: Helps the patient to cope with condition
  • Counselling: Helps to provide emotional support

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Narcolepsy.

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