Nasal Cancer

Also called: Cancer of the nasal cavity, Cancer of the paranasal sinus

Your paranasal sinuses are small hollow spaces around the nose. They are lined with cells that make mucus, which keeps your nose from drying out. The nasal cavity is the passageway just behind your nose. Air passes through it on the way to your throat as you breathe.

Cancer of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses is rare. You are at greater risk if you are

  • Male and over 40 years old
  • Exposed to certain workplace chemicals
  • Infected with HPV
  • A smoker

There may be no symptoms at first, and later symptoms can be like those of infections. Doctors diagnose nasal cancer with imaging tests, lighted tube-like instruments that look inside the nose, and biopsies. Treatment options include surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy.

NIH: National Cancer Institute

Symptoms of Nasal Cancer

The following features are indicative of Nasal Cancer:
  • sinus problems
  • nose bleeds
  • blocked sinuses that do not clear
  • headache or pain in the sinus areas
  • runny nose
  • lump or sore inside the nose that does not heal
  • lump on the face or roof of the mouth
  • numbness or tingling in the face
  • pain in the upper teeth, loose teeth, or dentures
  • pain or pressure in the ear
It is possible that Nasal Cancer shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Nasal Cancer

The following are the most common causes of Nasal Cancer:
  • DNA mutations

Risk Factors for Nasal Cancer

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Nasal Cancer:
  • male and over 40 years old
  • exposed to certain workplace chemicals
  • infected with human Papillomavirus
  • tobacco use
  • alcohol consumption
  • marijuana use

Prevention of Nasal Cancer

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Nasal Cancer. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • avoid exposure to radiations
  • avoid cigarette smoking

Occurrence of Nasal Cancer

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Nasal Cancer cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Rare between 10K - 50K cases

Common Age Group

Nasal Cancer most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged > 50 years

Common Gender

Nasal Cancer can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Nasal Cancer

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Nasal Cancer:
  • Physical exam and history: To check for signs of disease
  • X-rays of the head and neck: To make a picture of areas inside the body
  • MRI: To get detailed pictures of areas inside the body
  • Biopsy : To view the microscopic view of cells
  • Nasoscopy: To look inside the nose for abnormal areas
  • Laryngoscopy: To look at the larynx for abnormal areas

Doctor for Diagnosis of Nasal Cancer

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Nasal Cancer:
  • Otolaryngologist
  • Neurosurgeon
  • Radiation oncologist
  • Medical oncologist

Complications of Nasal Cancer if untreated

It is not know if Nasal Cancer causes complications if left untreated.

Procedures for Treatment of Nasal Cancer

The following procedures are used to treat Nasal Cancer:
  • Surgery: Removes the cancerous cells
  • Radiation therapy: Kills the cancer cells
  • Chemotherapy: Kill the remaining cancer cells after surgery

Self-care for Nasal Cancer

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Nasal Cancer:
  • Make healthier choices: Improves the physical and emotional health
  • Give up alcohol and tobacco: Keep the stress level low

Patient Support for Treatment of Nasal Cancer

The following actions may help Nasal Cancer patients:
  • Encourage the patient: Boosts the confidence of patient
  • Talk with the patients: Relieves the stress

Time for Treatment of Nasal Cancer

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Nasal Cancer to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • More than 1 year

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Nasal Cancer.
Nose Injuries and Disorders

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