Deposition of calcium in the renal parenchyma, resulting from high levels of calcium in the blood and/or urine

Symptoms of Nephrocalcinosis

The following features are indicative of Nephrocalcinosis:
  • blood in the urine
  • fever
  • chills
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • severe pain in the belly area, sides of the back (flank), groin, or testicles
It is possible that Nephrocalcinosis shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Nephrocalcinosis

The following are the most common causes of Nephrocalcinosis:
  • primary hyperparathyroidism
  • distal renal tubular acidosis (RTA)
  • high levels of vitamin D
  • hypercalcemia
  • sarcoidosis
  • medullary sponge kidney
  • osteoporosis
  • hyperoxaluria
  • premature birth
  • tuberculosis

Risk Factors for Nephrocalcinosis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Nephrocalcinosis:
  • high urine oxalate
  • high levels of calcium
  • preterm infants

Prevention of Nephrocalcinosis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Nephrocalcinosis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • drinking plenty of water

Occurrence of Nephrocalcinosis

Common Age Group

Nephrocalcinosis most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Less then 18 years of age

Common Gender

Nephrocalcinosis can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Nephrocalcinosis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Nephrocalcinosis:
  • Blood tests: To check levels of calcium, phosphate, uric acid, and parathyroid hormone
  • Ultrasound: To detect any kidney (renal) abnormalities
  • Urinalysis: To check the physical and chemical examination of urine

Doctor for Diagnosis of Nephrocalcinosis

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Nephrocalcinosis:
  • Urologist

Complications of Nephrocalcinosis if untreated

Yes, Nephrocalcinosis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Nephrocalcinosis is left untreated:
  • acute kidney failure
  • long-term (chronic) kidney failure
  • kidney stones
  • obstructive uropathy

Self-care for Nephrocalcinosis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Nephrocalcinosis:
  • Drinking plenty of water: To keep the kidneys flushed and draining will help prevent or decrease stone formation as well
  • Limit sodium diet: To reduce kidney stone formation

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Nephrocalcinosis.

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