The presence of a calculus in the pelvis of the kidney; this is most often composed of mineral salts and proteins

Symptoms of Nephrolithiasis

The following features are indicative of Nephrolithiasis:
  • severe pain in the side and back
  • pain that radiates to the lower abdomen and groin
  • pain on urination
  • pink, red or brown urine
  • cloudy or foul-smelling urine
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • persistent need to urinate
  • urinating more often than usual
  • fever
  • chilly sensation
It is possible that Nephrolithiasis shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Nephrolithiasis

The following are the most common causes of Nephrolithiasis:
  • calcium deposits in urine
  • oxalate deposits in urine
  • uric acid in the urine

Risk Factors for Nephrolithiasis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Nephrolithiasis:
  • family history
  • dehydration
  • more prominent in people consuming high enriched sodium diet
  • obesity
  • digestive diseases

Prevention of Nephrolithiasis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Nephrolithiasis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • drink water throughout the day
  • eat fewer oxalate-rich foods
  • choose a diet low in salt and animal protein
  • caution with calcium supplements

Occurrence of Nephrolithiasis

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Nephrolithiasis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Nephrolithiasis most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 35-50 years

Common Gender

Nephrolithiasis can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Nephrolithiasis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Nephrolithiasis:
  • Blood testing: To test the calcium or uric acid in the blood
  • Urine testing: To measure the content of stone-forming minerals in it
  • X-ray Imaging: To see kidney stones in the urinary tract

Doctor for Diagnosis of Nephrolithiasis

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Nephrolithiasis:
  • Nephrologist
  • Radiologist
  • Urologist

Complications of Nephrolithiasis if untreated

Yes, Nephrolithiasis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Nephrolithiasis is left untreated:
  • obstruction of the ureter

Procedures for Treatment of Nephrolithiasis

The following procedures are used to treat Nephrolithiasis:
  • Sound waves treatment: Break the kidney stones into tiny pieces that can be passed in the urine
  • Percutaneous nephrolithotomy: Surgically removal of kidney stone
  • Ureteroscopy treatment: Removal of smaller stones

Self-care for Nephrolithiasis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Nephrolithiasis:
  • Increase intake of water: Keeping the urine diluted that lessens the formation of kidney stones
  • Consume healthy diet: Reduce the amount of oxalates in the diet

Time for Treatment of Nephrolithiasis

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Nephrolithiasis to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 3 - 6 months

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Nephrolithiasis.

Related Topics

Kidney Stones

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