Neurologic Diseases

Also called: Nervous system diseases

The brain, spinal cord, and nerves make up the nervous system. Together they control all the workings of the body. When something goes wrong with a part of your nervous system, you can have trouble moving, speaking, swallowing, breathing, or learning. You can also have problems with your memory, senses, or mood.

There are more than 600 neurologic diseases. Major types include

Symptoms of Neurologic Diseases

The following features are indicative of Neurologic Diseases:
  • memory problems
  • mild cognitive impairment
  • movement difficulties
  • sense of smell problems
  • word-finding difficulties
  • vision or spatial issues
  • impaired reasoning or judgment
  • temporary confusion
  • staring spell
  • uncontrollable jerking movements of the arms and legs
  • loss of consciousness or awareness
It is possible that Neurologic Diseases shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Neurologic Diseases

The following are the most common causes of Neurologic Diseases:
  • genetic mutation
  • environmental factors
  • lifestyle factors
  • head trauma
  • infectious diseases
  • prenatal injury

Risk Factors for Neurologic Diseases

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Neurologic Diseases:
  • children and older adults
  • genetic factor
  • head injuries
  • stroke and other vascular diseases
  • dementia
  • brain infections
  • seizures in childhood

Prevention of Neurologic Diseases

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Neurologic Diseases. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • prevent traumatic brain injuries
  • lower the chances of stroke and heart disease
  • get vaccinated
  • wash your hands and prepare food safely
  • stay healthy during your pregnancy

Occurrence of Neurologic Diseases

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Neurologic Diseases cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Neurologic Diseases can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Neurologic Diseases can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Neurologic Diseases

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Neurologic Diseases:
  • Mini–mental state examination: To diagnose the cognitive impairments
  • Blood tests: To detect other causes of dementia
  • Psychological tests: To diagnose depression
  • Electroencephalogram: To record the electrical activity of the brain
  • Computerized tomography (CT) scan: To obtain the cross-sectional images of the brain
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): To create a detailed view of the brain
  • Positron emission tomography (PET): To scan the active areas of the brain and detect abnormalities

Doctor for Diagnosis of Neurologic Diseases

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Neurologic Diseases:
  • Geriatrician
  • Geriatric psychiatrist
  • Neurologist
  • Neuropsychologist

Complications of Neurologic Diseases if untreated

Yes, Neurologic Diseases causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Neurologic Diseases is left untreated:
  • pneumonia
  • falls
  • fractures
  • bedsores
  • malnutrition
  • heart failure
  • heart attack
  • stroke
  • aneurysm
  • peripheral artery disease
  • drowning
  • car accidents
  • pregnancy complications
  • emotional health issues

Procedures for Treatment of Neurologic Diseases

The following procedures are used to treat Neurologic Diseases:
  • Supportive psychotherapy: Helps mildly impaired people to adjust their illness
  • Reminiscence therapy: Discussion of past experiences personally or in group with the help of household items, photographs, sound recordings and music for mood and cognition
  • Simulated presence therapy: To reduce challenging behaviours by playing a voice recording of the close relatives of the patients
  • Validation therapy: Acceptance of the reality and personal truth of another's experience

Medicines for Neurologic Diseases

Below is the list of medicines used for Neurologic Diseases:

Self-care for Neurologic Diseases

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Neurologic Diseases:
  • Take healthy diet: Take a diet which is rich in fruits and vegetables and low in fat
  • Regular exercise: Regularly do exercise
  • Social engagement: Helps to preserve mental function

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Neurologic Diseases

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Neurologic Diseases:
  • Do exercise regularly: To improve mood and maintain the health of heart, muscles and joints
  • Take proper nutritional diet: Take diet enriched with nutrition

Patient Support for Treatment of Neurologic Diseases

The following actions may help Neurologic Diseases patients:
  • Calm and stable home environment: Reduce behavior problems
  • Education: Learn much about the disease
  • Join a support group: Interact with other people with the same condition to deal with your problems

Time for Treatment of Neurologic Diseases

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Neurologic Diseases to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Disease cannot be treated but only maintained or effects reduced

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Neurologic Diseases.
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