Involuntary movements of the eyeballs. The presence or absence of nystagmus is often used in the diagnosis of a variety of neurological and visual disorders.

Symptoms of Nystagmus

The following features are indicative of Nystagmus:
  • involuntary eye movement
  • reduced vision

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Common Causes of Nystagmus

The following are the most common causes of Nystagmus:
  • congenital diseases
  • excessive alcohol
  • acquired or central nervous system disorders
  • psychedelic drugs
  • brain tumors
  • trochlear nerve malfunction

Risk Factors for Nystagmus

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Nystagmus:
  • family history
  • inner ear problems
  • multiple sclerosis
  • albinism
  • head injury
  • alcohol use
  • stroke

Prevention of Nystagmus

No, it is not possible to prevent Nystagmus.
  • congenital disorder
  • family history

Occurrence of Nystagmus

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Nystagmus cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Nystagmus can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Nystagmus can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Nystagmus

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Nystagmus:
  • Electronystagmography (ENG): To record the movement of the eyes
  • Electrooculography: To assess a patient's eye movements

Doctor for Diagnosis of Nystagmus

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Nystagmus:
  • Ophthalmologist

Complications of Nystagmus if untreated

Yes, Nystagmus causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Nystagmus is left untreated:
  • blindness

Procedures for Treatment of Nystagmus

The following procedures are used to treat Nystagmus:
  • Surgery: Improves the abnormal head posture and visual function of people
  • Tenotomy: Improves visual activity and to lower the eye shaking

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Nystagmus

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Nystagmus:
  • Acupuncture: Beneficial for affected individuals
  • Occupational therapy: To treat nystagmus

Time for Treatment of Nystagmus

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Nystagmus to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Disease cannot be treated but only maintained or effects reduced

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Nystagmus.

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