A lower than normal quantity of amniotic fluid in the amniotic sac as compared to normal values. Typically associated with an amniotic fluid index (AFI) of less than 5 cm or a single maximum vertical pocket (MVP) of less than 2 cm.

Symptoms of Oligohydramnios

The following features are indicative of Oligohydramnios:
  • reduced amount of amniotic fluid
  • fetal malpresentation
  • smaller symphysis fundal height
  • undue prominence of fetal parts
It is possible that Oligohydramnios shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Oligohydramnios

The following are the most common causes of Oligohydramnios:
  • intrauterine infections
  • post date pregnancy
  • fetal chromosomal anomalies
  • failure of secretion by the cells of the amnion covering the placenta
  • renal agenesis
  • hypertension

Risk Factors for Oligohydramnios

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Oligohydramnios:
  • diabetes
  • preeclampsia
  • chronic hypoxia
  • hypertension
  • maternal dehydration

Prevention of Oligohydramnios

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Oligohydramnios. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • drink enough fluids to prevent dehydration
  • follow a proper healthy diet
  • do regular exercise

Occurrence of Oligohydramnios

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Oligohydramnios cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Oligohydramnios most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • During pregnancy

Common Gender

Oligohydramnios most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Female

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Oligohydramnios

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Oligohydramnios:
  • Amniotic fluid index (AFI) evaluation: To measure the amount of amniotic fluid

Doctor for Diagnosis of Oligohydramnios

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Oligohydramnios:
  • Obstetrician

Complications of Oligohydramnios if untreated

Yes, Oligohydramnios causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Oligohydramnios is left untreated:
  • compression of fetal organs
  • increased chance of miscarriage
  • preterm birth
  • cesarean delivery
  • intrauterine growth restriction
  • cord compression

Procedures for Treatment of Oligohydramnios

The following procedures are used to treat Oligohydramnios:
  • Amnio-infusion: To maintain normal amniotic fluid levels and prevent umbilical cord compression

Self-care for Oligohydramnios

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Oligohydramnios:
  • Maternal rehydration with oral fluids or IV fluids: Beneficial in the management and prevention of oligohydramnios

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 8/07/2020.
This page provides information for Oligohydramnios.

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