A nail condition characterized by spontaneous separation of a fingernail or toenail from its nail bed

Symptoms of Onycholysis

The following features are indicative of Onycholysis:
  • painless detachment of nail from the nail bed
It is possible that Onycholysis shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Onycholysis

The following are the most common causes of Onycholysis:
  • trauma
  • excessive manicuring
  • fungal infection
  • psoriasis
  • dermatitis
  • Raynaud's disease

Risk Factors for Onycholysis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Onycholysis:
  • trauma
  • excessive manicuring
  • hypothyroidism
  • reactive arthritis
  • porphyria cutanea tarda
  • hyperthyroidism
  • hepatocellular dysfunction
  • undergoing anticancer treatment

Prevention of Onycholysis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Onycholysis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • keep nail area dry as much as possible
  • trimming away of loose nails

Occurrence of Onycholysis

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Onycholysis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Onycholysis can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Onycholysis can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Onycholysis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Onycholysis:
  • Dermatoscopy: To show partial demolition of distal nail groove
  • Clinical inspection: To check image of subungual blue discoloration in the area of lunula

Complications of Onycholysis if untreated

Yes, Onycholysis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Onycholysis is left untreated:
  • permanent deformity of nails

Self-care for Onycholysis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Onycholysis:
  • Keep the nail dry: To prevent onycholysis
  • Trimming away of loose nails: To prevent the nail from being pried upwards

Time for Treatment of Onycholysis

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Onycholysis to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 3 - 6 months

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Onycholysis.

Related Topics

Yellow Nail Syndrome

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