Ophthalmia Neonatorum

Inflammation of the conjunctiva in a newborn due to chemical or infectious causes. Aseptic conjunctivitis is often related to the use of prophylactic medications for infectious conjunctivitis. Septic conjunctivitis is related to perinatal exposure to microorganisms.

Symptoms of Ophthalmia Neonatorum

The following features are indicative of Ophthalmia Neonatorum:
  • pain and tenderness in the eyeball
  • conjunctival discharge
  • swelling in eyelids

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Common Causes of Ophthalmia Neonatorum

The following are the most common causes of Ophthalmia Neonatorum:
  • exposure to chemical irritants
  • neisseria gonorrhoeae bacterial infection
  • chlamydia trachomatis infections

Risk Factors for Ophthalmia Neonatorum

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Ophthalmia Neonatorum:
  • premature rupturing of maternal membranes
  • premature delivery

Prevention of Ophthalmia Neonatorum

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Ophthalmia Neonatorum. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • application of eye drops on regular basis into infants' eyes after the delivery
  • recommendation of Cesarean section in case if mother is suffered from herpes virus infection

Occurrence of Ophthalmia Neonatorum

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Ophthalmia Neonatorum cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Ophthalmia Neonatorum most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • After birth

Common Gender

Ophthalmia Neonatorum can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Ophthalmia Neonatorum

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Ophthalmia Neonatorum:
  • Culturing method: Looks after bacterial or viral growth which leads to drainage from eyes
  • Slit Lamp Examination: Diagnose damage to the surface of the eyeball

Doctor for Diagnosis of Ophthalmia Neonatorum

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Ophthalmia Neonatorum:
  • Pediatrician

Complications of Ophthalmia Neonatorum if untreated

Yes, Ophthalmia Neonatorum causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Ophthalmia Neonatorum is left untreated:
  • blindness
  • corneal opacification
  • Staphyloma formation

Procedures for Treatment of Ophthalmia Neonatorum

The following procedures are used to treat Ophthalmia Neonatorum:
  • Surgery: Procedure to reopen the blocked air ducts

Self-care for Ophthalmia Neonatorum

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Ophthalmia Neonatorum:
  • Gentle warm massage between the eye and nasal area: Reopened the blocked air ducts

Time for Treatment of Ophthalmia Neonatorum

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Ophthalmia Neonatorum to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 4 weeks

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Ophthalmia Neonatorum.
Ophthalmia Neonatorum

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