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A disorder characterized by loss of optic nerve fibers. It may be inherited or acquired. Acquired causes include ischemia, optic nerve neuropathy, glaucoma, trauma, radiation, brain tumors, and multiple sclerosis. It leads to vision disturbances.

Symptoms of Optic Atrophy

The following features are indicative of Optic Atrophy:
  • pain
  • vision loss in one eye
  • loss of color vision
  • flashing lights
It is possible that Optic Atrophy shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Optic Atrophy

The following are the most common causes of Optic Atrophy:
  • multiple sclerosis
  • inflammation in the optic nerve and spinal cord
  • bacterial infections
  • sarcoidosis

Risk Factors for Optic Atrophy

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Optic Atrophy:
  • adults age between 20 to 40
  • being female
  • White race
  • genetic mutations

Prevention of Optic Atrophy

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Optic Atrophy. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • use of standard safety precautions to prevent injuries to the face
  • avoid drinking home brewed alcohol

Occurrence of Optic Atrophy

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Optic Atrophy cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Rare between 10K - 50K cases

Common Age Group

Optic Atrophy most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 3-18 years

Common Gender

Optic Atrophy can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Optic Atrophy

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Optic Atrophy:
  • Physical Eye Examination: Measures side vision
  • Ophthalmoscopy: This eye test evaluates the working of optic disk
  • Pupillary light reaction test: Checks the response of pupil
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan: The scan uses a magnetic field and pulses of radio wave energy to make pictures of body
  • Blood testing: Check for antibodies for neuromyelitis optica
  • Optical coherence tomography (OCT): Measures the thickness of the retinal nerve fiber layer

Doctor for Diagnosis of Optic Atrophy

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Optic Atrophy:
  • Ophthalmologist
  • Neuro-ophthalmologist

Complications of Optic Atrophy if untreated

Yes, Optic Atrophy causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Optic Atrophy is left untreated:
  • optic nerve damage
  • decreased visual activity

Procedures for Treatment of Optic Atrophy

The following procedures are used to treat Optic Atrophy:
  • Plasma exchange therapy: This therapy help people to recover their vision

Patient Support for Treatment of Optic Atrophy

The following actions may help Optic Atrophy patients:
  • Support and advocacy groups: Helps to connect with other patients and families and provide valuable services for better treatments and possible cures of optic atrophy

Time for Treatment of Optic Atrophy

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Optic Atrophy to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 6 months - 1 year

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Optic Atrophy.

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