Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation

A disorder characterized by an electrocardiographic finding of episodic atrial fibrillation with abrupt onset and termination

Symptoms of Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation

The following features are indicative of Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation:
  • palpitations
  • shortness of breath
  • weakness
  • chest pain
  • dizziness
  • fatigue
  • confusion
It is possible that Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation

The following are the most common causes of Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation:
  • rapid ingestion of ice-cold foods and beverages
  • occurence of chaotic electrical signals
  • high blood pressure
  • heart attack
  • coronary artery disease
  • abnormal heart valves

Other Causes of Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation

The following are the less common causes of Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation:
  • congenital heart defect
  • overactive thyroid gland
  • Sick sinus syndrome
  • lung diseases
  • previous heart surgery
  • viral infections
  • stress
  • sleep apnea

Risk Factors for Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation:
  • aging
  • congenital heart disease
  • congestive heart failure
  • history of heart attack
  • high blood pressure
  • sleep apnea
  • metabolic syndrome
  • diabetes
  • chronic kidney disease
  • excessive alcohol consumption
  • obesity
  • family history of increased risk of atrial fibrillation

Prevention of Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • eat a heart-healthy diet
  • do more and more physical activities
  • avoid smoking
  • maintain a healthy weight
  • avoid alcohol consumption
  • restrict caffeine intake

Occurrence of Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 35-50 years

Common Gender

Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation:
  • Transtelephonic monitoring: To record patient's heart rhythm
  • ECG (Echocardiogram): Noninvasive test used to produce video images of the heart
  • Blood test: To diagnose thyroid problems or other substances in blood that may lead to atrial fibrillation
  • Stress test: To diagnose heart while exercising
  • Chest X-ray: To look after conditions of lungs and heart

Complications of Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation if untreated

Yes, Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation is left untreated:
  • stroke
  • embolic complication

Procedures for Treatment of Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation

The following procedures are used to treat Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation:
  • Electrical cardioversion: An electrical shock is delivered to heart in order to resume normal rhythm of heart
  • Catheter ablation: To correct the severe conditions of Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation
  • Atrioventricular (AV) node ablation: This procedure prevents the atria from sending electrical impulses to the ventricles

Self-care for Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation:
  • Eat heart-healthy foods
  • Exercise regularly: To increase physical strength of the body
  • Quit smoking
  • Maintain a healthy weight: To reduce risk of developing heart diseases
  • Keep blood pressure and cholesterol levels under control
  • Drink alcohol in moderation

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation:
  • Yoga: Plays an adjunctive role in the treatment of Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation
  • Intake of traditional medicines such as barberry and cinchona: Helps in improving symptoms of atrial fibrillation

Time for Treatment of Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 3 months

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation.

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