Pelvic pain occurs mostly in the lower abdomen area. The pain might be steady, or it might come and go. If the pain is severe, it might get in the way of your daily activities.

If you're a woman, you might feel a dull pain during your period. It could also happen during sex. Pelvic pain can be a sign that there is a problem with one of the organs in your pelvic area, such as the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, cervix or vagina. It could also be a symptom of infection, or a problem with the urinary tract, lower intestines, rectum, muscle or bone. If you're a man, the cause is often a problem with the prostate.

You might have to undergo a lot of medical tests to find the cause of the pain. The treatment will depend on the cause, how bad the pain is and how often it occurs.

NIH: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Symptoms of Pelvic Pain

The following features are indicative of Pelvic Pain:
  • pain in the pelvic area

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Common Causes of Pelvic Pain

The following are the most common causes of Pelvic Pain:
  • endometriosis in women
  • bowel adhesions
  • irritable bowel syndrome
  • interstitial cystitis

Risk Factors for Pelvic Pain

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Pelvic Pain:
  • low body mass index
  • smoking
  • earlier menarche
  • drug or alcohol abuse
  • miscarriage
  • pelvic inflammatory disease
  • psychosocial factors
  • gynaecological factors

Prevention of Pelvic Pain

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Pelvic Pain.

Occurrence of Pelvic Pain

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Pelvic Pain cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Pelvic Pain can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Pelvic Pain can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Pelvic Pain

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Pelvic Pain:
  • Pelvic exam: To determine the cause of your pain
  • Ultrasound: To evaluate the internal structures
  • Laparoscopy: To view the pelvic organs
  • Cystoscopy:To examine the inside of the urethra and bladder
  • Colonoscopy: To examine the entire colon
  • Sigmoidoscopy: To diagnose the cancer

Doctor for Diagnosis of Pelvic Pain

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Pelvic Pain:
  • Gynecologist
  • Gastroenterologist

Complications of Pelvic Pain if untreated

Yes, Pelvic Pain causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Pelvic Pain is left untreated:
  • infertility
  • ectopic pregnancy
  • chronic pelvic pain
  • cancer

Procedures for Treatment of Pelvic Pain

The following procedures are used to treat Pelvic Pain:
  • Surgery: Provides the relief from pelvic pain

Self-care for Pelvic Pain

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Pelvic Pain:
  • Adopting good posture
  • Regular exercise: Lowers the pelvic pain

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Pelvic Pain

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Pelvic Pain:
  • Regular physical therapy: Provides relief from muscular pain
  • Practice nutrition therapy: Helpful in relieving dysmenorrhea

Patient Support for Treatment of Pelvic Pain

The following actions may help Pelvic Pain patients:
  • Counseling: Helps in relieving pain

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Pelvic Pain.
Abdominal Pain
Sexual Problems in Women

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