Penis Disorders

Also called: Penile disorders

Problems with the penis can cause pain and affect a man's sexual function and fertility. Penis disorders include

  • Erectile dysfunction - inability to get or keep an erection
  • Priapism - a painful erection that does not go away
  • Peyronie's disease - bending of the penis during an erection due to a hard lump called a plaque
  • Balanitis - inflammation of the skin covering the head of the penis, most often in men and boys who have not been circumcised
  • Penile cancer - a rare form of cancer, highly curable when caught early

Symptoms of Penis Disorders

The following features are indicative of Penis Disorders:
  • trouble getting an erection
  • trouble keeping an erection
  • reduced sexual desire
  • bleeding during urination
  • discharge from your penis
  • severe pain after trauma to your penis
  • warts, bumps, lesions or a rash on your penis

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Common Causes of Penis Disorders

The following are the most common causes of Penis Disorders:
  • heart disease
  • clogged blood vessels
  • high cholesterol
  • high blood pressure
  • diabetes
  • obesity

Other Causes of Penis Disorders

The following are the less common causes of Penis Disorders:
  • metabolic syndrome
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Peyronie's disease
  • tobacco use
  • alcoholism abuse
  • sleep disorders
  • treatments for prostate cancer or enlarged prostate
  • surgeries or injuries that affect the pelvic area or spinal cord
  • unprotected sex
  • smoking
  • psychological problems such as depression, anxiety and stress
  • neurological conditions such stroke, spinal cord and back injuries, multiple sclerosis, and dementia

Risk Factors for Penis Disorders

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Penis Disorders:
  • diabetes
  • heart conditions
  • tobacco use
  • being overweight
  • prostate surgery
  • radiation treatment for cancer
  • alcohol consumption
  • prolonged bicycling

Prevention of Penis Disorders

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Penis Disorders. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • work with your doctor to manage diabetes, heart disease or other chronic health conditions
  • see your doctor for regular checkups and medical screening tests
  • stop smoking
  • limit or avoid alcohol
  • don't use illegal drugs
  • exercise regularly
  • take steps to reduce stress
  • get help for anxiety, depression or other mental health concerns

Occurrence of Penis Disorders

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Penis Disorders cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Penis Disorders most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged > 50 years

Common Gender

Penis Disorders can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Penis Disorders

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Penis Disorders:
  • Physical exam : This might include careful examination of your penis and testicles and checking your nerves for sensation
  • Blood tests: A sample of your blood might be sent to a lab to check for signs of heart disease, diabetes, low testosterone levels and other health conditions
  • Urine tests : Like blood tests, urine tests are used to look for signs of diabetes and other underlying health conditions
  • Ultrasound: It involves using a wand like device held over the blood vessels that supply the penis. It creates a video image to let your doctor see if you have blood flow problems
  • Overnight erection test: Most men have erections during sleep without remembering them. This simple test involves wrapping a special device around your penis before you go to bed
  • Psychological exam: Your doctor might ask questions to screen for depression and other possible psychological causes of erectile dysfunction

Doctor for Diagnosis of Penis Disorders

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Penis Disorders:
  • Urologist
  • Endocrinologist

Complications of Penis Disorders if untreated

Yes, Penis Disorders causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Penis Disorders is left untreated:
  • unsatisfactory sex life
  • stress or anxiety
  • embarrassment or low self-esteem
  • relationship problems
  • inability to get your partner pregnant

Procedures for Treatment of Penis Disorders

The following procedures are used to treat Penis Disorders:
  • Testosterone replacement: To correct the erectile dysfunction
  • Alprostadil intraurethral (Muse) therapy: To insert the suppository into your penile urethra
  • Penis pumps: To create a vacuum that pulls blood into your penis
  • Penile implants: To control when and how long you have an erection

Self-care for Penis Disorders

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Penis Disorders:
  • Regular exercise: Improves the erectile dysfunction
  • Avoid smoking

Patient Support for Treatment of Penis Disorders

The following actions may help Penis Disorders patients:
  • Psychological counseling: Helps in dealing with the disease
  • Involve your sexual partner: Helps you in treating the disease

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 1/04/2021.
This page provides information for Penis Disorders.
Erectile Dysfunction
Male Infertility
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Testicular Disorders

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