A condition in which there is constriction in the tip of the foreskin resulting in inability to fully retract the foreskin over the glans penis. Causes include balanoposthitis, balanitis xerotica obliterans, and untreated diabetes.

Symptoms of Phimosis

The following features are indicative of Phimosis:
  • inability to pull foreskin back over the head of penis

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Common Causes of Phimosis

The following are the most common causes of Phimosis:
  • fusion of inner surface of foreskin with glans penis
  • shortening of frenulum
  • narrowing of the tip of the foreskin

Risk Factors for Phimosis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Phimosis:
  • diaper rash
  • poor cleaning
  • diabetes

Prevention of Phimosis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Phimosis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • use of steroid cream
  • do stretching exercises

Occurrence of Phimosis

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Phimosis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Phimosis most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged less than 15 years

Common Gender

Phimosis most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Male

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Phimosis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Phimosis:
  • Physical examination of penis: To determine whether the tight foreskin is the result of physiological phimosis or due to scarring or a skin condition

Complications of Phimosis if untreated

Yes, Phimosis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Phimosis is left untreated:
  • paraphimosis
  • carcinoma of the penis
  • urinary retention

Procedures for Treatment of Phimosis

The following procedures are used to treat Phimosis:
  • Preputioplasty: Plastic surgical operation on the prepuce or foreskin of the penis to widen a narrow non-retractile foreskin
  • Circumcision: Surgical procedure to remove either part of the foreskin

Self-care for Phimosis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Phimosis:
  • Use of steroid cream: Helps in loosening the tight skin of penis

Time for Treatment of Phimosis

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Phimosis to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • More than 1 year

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Phimosis.

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