Dilated veins in the anal canal

Symptoms of Piles

The following features are indicative of Piles:
  • painless bleeding during bowel movements
  • itching in the anal region
  • discomfort
  • pain
  • swelling around the anus
  • lump near the anus
It is possible that Piles shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Piles

The following are the most common causes of Piles:
  • straining during bowel movements
  • sitting for long periods of time on the toilet
  • constipation
  • obesity
  • anal intercourse
  • low-fiber diet

Other Causes of Piles

The following are the less common causes of Piles:
  • pregnancy

Risk Factors for Piles

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Piles:
  • higher prevalence among white race population
  • commonly found in individuals with higher socioeconomic status
  • constipation
  • prolonged straining
  • intake of spicy foods
  • alcohol consumption

Prevention of Piles

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Piles. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • eat high fiber diet
  • not straining during bowel movements
  • not sitting on the toilet for long periods of time
  • avoid regular heavy lifting
  • drink plenty of fluids

Occurrence of Piles

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Piles cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Piles most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 45-65 years

Common Gender

Piles can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Piles

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Piles:
  • Digital rectal exam: To view inside the anus and rectum
  • Anoscopy: To view the lining of the anus and lower rectum
  • Rigid proctosigmoidoscopy: To view the lining of the rectum and lower colon

Doctor for Diagnosis of Piles

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Piles:
  • Gastroenterologist
  • Rectal surgeon

Complications of Piles if untreated

Yes, Piles causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Piles is left untreated:
  • anemia
  • strangulated hemorrhoid
  • blood clots in an external hemorrhoid
  • skin tags
  • infection of a sore on an external hemorrhoid

Procedures for Treatment of Piles

The following procedures are used to treat Piles:
  • External hemorrhoid thrombectomy: To remove the clot with a simple incision and drainage and provides relief
  • Rubber band ligation: Heals bleeding or painful hemorrhoids
  • Sclerotherapy:To shrink the hemorrhoid tissue
  • Coagulation technique: To treat painful hemorrhoids
  • Hemorrhoidectomy: To treat severe or recurring hemorrhoids by eliminating excessive tissue that causes bleeding
  • Stapled hemorrhoidopexy: Inhibits blood flow to hemorrhoidal tissue

Self-care for Piles

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Piles:
  • Eat high-fiber foods: Softens the stool and increases its bulk
  • Soak anal area in a warm bath or sitz bath: Relieves the pain and inflammation of hemorrhoids
  • Keep the anal area clean: Helps in preventing hemorrhoids

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Piles

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Piles:
  • Apply ice packs or cold compresses: Helps in relieving swelling

Time for Treatment of Piles

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Piles to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Within 1 week

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Piles.

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