Plasmodium ovale malaria

A protozoan infection caused by the genus Plasmodium. There are four species of Plasmodium that can infect humans: Plasmodium falciparum, vivax, ovale, and malariae. It is transmitted to humans by infected mosquitoes. Signs and symptoms include paroxysmal high fever, sweating, chills, and anemia.

Symptoms of Plasmodium ovale malaria

The following features are indicative of Plasmodium ovale malaria:
  • tertian fever
  • moderate to severe shaking chills
  • diarrhea
  • sweating
  • headache
  • vomiting
It is possible that Plasmodium ovale malaria shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Plasmodium ovale malaria

The following are the most common causes of Plasmodium ovale malaria:
  • Plasmodium ovale parasitic infection

Risk Factors for Plasmodium ovale malaria

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Plasmodium ovale malaria:
  • individuals who are negative for the Duffy blood group
  • people living in Sub Saharan Africa

Prevention of Plasmodium ovale malaria

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Plasmodium ovale malaria. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • limiting exposure to mosquitoes
  • spraying the home with insecticide
  • covering skin by wearing pants and long-sleeved shirts
  • sleeping under a mosquito netting

Occurrence of Plasmodium ovale malaria

Common Age Group

Plasmodium ovale malaria can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Plasmodium ovale malaria can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Plasmodium ovale malaria

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Plasmodium ovale malaria:
  • Blood test: To detect the presence of the parasite

Complications of Plasmodium ovale malaria if untreated

Yes, Plasmodium ovale malaria causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Plasmodium ovale malaria is left untreated:
  • cerebral malaria
  • breathing problems
  • kidney failure
  • liver failure
  • anemia
  • low blood sugar
  • relapse of infection

Self-care for Plasmodium ovale malaria

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Plasmodium ovale malaria:
  • limiting exposure to mosquitoes
  • spraying the home with insecticide
  • keep the skin covered by wearing fully length clothes
  • sleeping under a mosquito net

Time for Treatment of Plasmodium ovale malaria

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Plasmodium ovale malaria to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • Disease cannot be treated but only maintained or effects reduced

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Plasmodium ovale malaria.

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