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Inflammation of the pleura. It is usually caused by infections. Chest pain while breathing or coughing is the presenting symptom.
Symptoms of Pleurisy
The following features are indicative of Pleurisy:
chest pain that worsens during breathe, cough or sneeze
shortness of breath
It is possible that Pleurisy shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.
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Common Causes of Pleurisy
The following are the most common causes of Pleurisy:
inflammation of the pericardium
congestive heart failure
cancer of the pericardium or heart
Other Causes of Pleurisy
The following are the less common causes of Pleurisy:
radiation therapy for cancer
had chemotherapy such as doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide treatment for cancer
trauma or puncture wound near the heart
Risk Factors for Pleurisy
The following factors may increase the likelihood of Pleurisy:
Prevention of Pleurisy
Yes, it may be possible to prevent Pleurisy.
Occurrence of Pleurisy
Number of Cases
The following are the number of Pleurisy cases seen each year worldwide:
Very common > 10 Million cases
Common Age Group
Pleurisy can occur at any age.
Pleurisy can occur in any gender.
Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Pleurisy
The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Pleurisy:
Blood test: To check the presence of infection
Chest X-ray: To show if lungs are fully inflating or if there is air or fluid between the lungs and ribs
Computerized tomography (CT) scan: To show if there is a blood clot in the lung or find other causes of pleuritic pain
Ultrasound: To determine whether have a pleural effusion
Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG): To rule out certain heart problems as a cause for chest pain
Doctor for Diagnosis of Pleurisy
Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Pleurisy:
Complications of Pleurisy if untreated
Yes, Pleurisy causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Pleurisy is left untreated:
fluid buildup between chest wall and lung
complications from the original illness
Procedures for Treatment of Pleurisy
The following procedures are used to treat Pleurisy:
Thoracentesis: To withdraw fluid out of chest around 6 cups of fluid at a time
Pleurodesis: Sealing the pleural space
Self-care for Pleurisy
The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Pleurisy:
lying on your painful side
coughing to clear mucus
getting plenty of rest
Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Pleurisy
The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Pleurisy:
Brazilian folk remedy: Wilbrandia ebracteata extract reduce inflammation in the pleural cavity
Last updated date
This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
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