A usually exophytic mass attached to the underlying tissue by a broad base or a thin stalk. Polyps can be neoplastic or non-neoplastic. Neoplastic polyps usually represent proliferations of the epithelium, and are commonly seen in the gastrointestinal tract. Polyps of the gastrointestinal tract are often called adenomas, are associated with dysplasia, and may eventually transform into carcinomas. Non-neoplastic polyps may be inflammatory, degenerative, or the result of malformations

Symptoms of Polyp

The following features are indicative of Polyp:
  • runny nose
  • post nasal drip
  • stuffed up nose
  • sneezing
  • loss of smell
  • loss of taste
  • headache
  • rectal bleeding
  • change in stool color
  • change in bowel habits
  • pain
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • iron deficiency anemia

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Common Causes of Polyp

The following are the most common causes of Polyp:
  • asthma
  • hay fever
  • chronic sinus infections
  • aspirin sensitivity
  • cystic fibrosis
  • genetic mutations

Risk Factors for Polyp

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Polyp:
  • family history
  • ulcerative colitis
  • Crohn's disease
  • tobacco use
  • alcohol use
  • obesity
  • lack of exercise
  • type 2 diabetes

Prevention of Polyp

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Polyp. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • manage allergies and asthma
  • wash hands regularly
  • use humidifier
  • use nasal rinse
  • avoid nasal irritants
  • eat fruits, vegetables and whole grains
  • reduce the fat intake
  • limit alcohol consumption
  • don't use tobacco
  • stay physically active

Occurrence of Polyp

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Polyp cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Polyp can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Polyp can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Polyp

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Polyp:
  • Skin prick test: To determine the signs of allergic reactions
  • Nasal endoscopy: To perform the detailed examination inside nose and sinuses
  • Computerized tomography (CT) scan: To detect obstructions in nasal cavity
  • Colonoscopy: To see the colorectal polyps and cancer in the body
  • Virtual colonoscopy: To view the colon
  • Flexible sigmoidoscopy: To examine the last third of the colon

Doctor for Diagnosis of Polyp

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Polyp:
  • Otolaryngologist
  • Gastroenterologist

Complications of Polyp if untreated

Yes, Polyp causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Polyp is left untreated:
  • obstructive sleep apnea
  • asthma flare-ups
  • sinus infections
  • can be fatal

Procedures for Treatment of Polyp

The following procedures are used to treat Polyp:
  • Endoscopic surgery: To remove polyps and to correct problems with sinuses
  • Colectomy: To eliminate part of the colon that has the polyps

Self-care for Polyp

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Polyp:
  • Don't use tobacco: Lowers the risk of colon polyps and colorectal cancer
  • Decrease fat intake: Reduces the risk of colon polyps

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Polyp

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Polyp:
  • Do regular exercise: Lower the chances of colon polyps

Patient Support for Treatment of Polyp

The following actions may help Polyp patients:
  • Genetic counseling: Helps in lowering the risk of colon polyps and colorectal cancer

Time for Treatment of Polyp

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Polyp to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • More than 1 year

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Polyp.
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