A condition in which blood glucose levels are high, but not high enough to be classified as type 2 diabetes

Symptoms of Pre-Diabetes

The following features are indicative of Pre-Diabetes:
  • increased thirst
  • frequent urination
  • fatigue
  • blurred vision
It is possible that Pre-Diabetes shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Pre-Diabetes

The following are the most common causes of Pre-Diabetes:
  • cardiovascular disease
  • family history
  • increased triglycerides levels
  • low levels of good cholesterol (HDL)
  • overweight
  • elevated blood pressure

Other Causes of Pre-Diabetes

The following are the less common causes of Pre-Diabetes:
  • elevated fasting plasma glucose

Risk Factors for Pre-Diabetes

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Pre-Diabetes:
  • family history of diabetes
  • inactive lifestyle and lack of regular exercise
  • history of heart disease
  • history of diabetes during pregnancy
  • polycystic ovary syndrome
  • being overweight
  • African-Americans race
  • Native Americans
  • Asian-Americans race

Prevention of Pre-Diabetes

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Pre-Diabetes. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • eat healthy foods
  • get more physical activity
  • lose excess pounds
  • control blood pressure and cholesterol levels

Occurrence of Pre-Diabetes

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Pre-Diabetes cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Pre-Diabetes can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Pre-Diabetes can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Pre-Diabetes

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Pre-Diabetes:
  • Blood test: To check fasting blood sugar level
  • Oral glucose tolerance test: Used to diagnose diabetes during pregnancy

Doctor for Diagnosis of Pre-Diabetes

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Pre-Diabetes:
  • Endocrinologist

Complications of Pre-Diabetes if untreated

Yes, Pre-Diabetes causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Pre-Diabetes is left untreated:
  • high blood pressure
  • high cholesterol
  • heart disease
  • stroke
  • kidney disease
  • blindness
  • amputations
  • low birth weight
  • premature delivery
  • vision loss
  • bad effect on baby's health

Self-care for Pre-Diabetes

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Pre-Diabetes:
  • Eat healthy foods: Choose foods low in fat and calories, high in fibre content and focus on fruits, vegetables and whole grains that help to prevent prediabetes
  • Do regular exercise: Help to prevent prediabetes
  • Maintain a healthy weight: Reduce pre diabetes associated heart problems
  • Stop smoking: To reduce symptoms of prediabetes

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Pre-Diabetes

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Pre-Diabetes:
  • Intake banaba, cassia cinnamon, fenugreek, ginseng, Gymnema, magnesium, and white mulberry diet: To treat or prevent diabetics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Pre-Diabetes.

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