A systolic blood pressure of 140 mmHg or higher, or a diastolic blood pressure of 90 mmHg or higher on two occasions at least 4 hours apart (or greater than or equal to 160/110 mmHg within a short interval) after 20 weeks of gestation in a woman with previously normal blood pressure. It may present with proteinuria but if not, it may be associated with thrombocytopenia, impaired liver function, progressive renal insufficiency, pulmonary edema, or new-onset cerebral or visual disturbances

Symptoms of Pre-eclampsia

The following features are indicative of Pre-eclampsia:
  • high blood pressure
  • fatigue
  • blurred vision
  • headache
  • nausea
  • swelling
  • weight gain
It is possible that Pre-eclampsia shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Pre-eclampsia

The following are the most common causes of Pre-eclampsia:
  • blood vessel problems
  • insufficient blood flow to the uterus
  • problem with the immune system

Risk Factors for Pre-eclampsia

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Pre-eclampsia:
  • history of preeclampsia
  • age older than 40 years
  • obesity
  • multiple pregnancy
  • history of chronic high blood pressure
  • during first pregnancy

Prevention of Pre-eclampsia

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Pre-eclampsia. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • low-dose aspirin reduce risk
  • use calcium supplements

Occurrence of Pre-eclampsia

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Pre-eclampsia cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Pre-eclampsia most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • 40 years of age or older

Common Gender

Pre-eclampsia most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Female

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Pre-eclampsia

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Pre-eclampsia:
  • Blood test: To check blood clotting factors, creatinine level, hematocrit, uric acid level, liver function, and platelet count
  • Urine test: To check protein levels in the urine
  • Fetal ultrasound: To measure baby's growth

Doctor for Diagnosis of Pre-eclampsia

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Pre-eclampsia:
  • Cardiologist
  • Gynaecologist

Complications of Pre-eclampsia if untreated

Yes, Pre-eclampsia causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Pre-eclampsia is left untreated:
  • fetal growth restriction
  • preterm birth
  • placental abruption
  • hemolysis elevated liver enzymes and low platelet count (HELLP) syndrome

Self-care for Pre-eclampsia

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Pre-eclampsia:
  • Do regularly exercise: Help to reduce symptoms
  • Avoid smoking: Reduces the risk of pre-eclampsia

Patient Support for Treatment of Pre-eclampsia

The following actions may help Pre-eclampsia patients:
  • Learn about the disease: Helps in coping with the disease

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Pre-eclampsia.

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