Primary dysmenorrhea

Mild symptoms; intervention not indicated

Symptoms of Primary dysmenorrhea

The following features are indicative of Primary dysmenorrhea:
  • headache
  • fatigue
  • loose stools
  • dizziness
  • intense cramping pain in lower abdomen
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • diarrhea
  • constipation
  • disorientation
  • hypersensitivity to sound
  • hypersensitivity to light
  • hypersensitivity to smell
  • hypersensitivity to touch
  • fainting
It is possible that Primary dysmenorrhea shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Primary dysmenorrhea

The following are the most common causes of Primary dysmenorrhea:
  • endometriosis
  • uterine fibroids
  • adenomyosis
  • pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  • cervical stenosis

Risk Factors for Primary dysmenorrhea

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Primary dysmenorrhea:
  • age
  • long menstrual periods
  • heavy menstrual flow
  • smoking
  • positive family history
  • use oral contraceptive pills

Prevention of Primary dysmenorrhea

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Primary dysmenorrhea. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • do exercise regularly
  • use heat pad
  • reduce stress

Occurrence of Primary dysmenorrhea

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Primary dysmenorrhea cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Primary dysmenorrhea most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged between 10-20 years

Common Gender

Primary dysmenorrhea most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Female

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Primary dysmenorrhea

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Primary dysmenorrhea:
  • Ultrasound: To create an image of uterus, fallopian tubes, cervix and ovaries
  • MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging): To provide detailed images of internal structures
  • Laparoscopy: To detect fibroids, endometriosis, adhesions, ovarian cysts and ectopic pregnancy
  • CT scan (Computer tomography): To provide cross-sectional images of internal structures

Complications of Primary dysmenorrhea if untreated

Yes, Primary dysmenorrhea causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Primary dysmenorrhea is left untreated:
  • interference with school activities
  • interference with work activities
  • interference with social activities
  • fertility problems
  • ectopic pregnancy

Procedures for Treatment of Primary dysmenorrhea

The following procedures are used to treat Primary dysmenorrhea:
  • Laparoscopic surgery: To reduce symptoms of primary dysmenorrhea

Self-care for Primary dysmenorrhea

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Primary dysmenorrhea:
  • Use heating pad therapy: To relieve menstrual pain
  • Regular exercise: Helps easing the pain of menstrual cramps
  • Avoiding alcohol and tobacco: To reduce worsening of menstrual cramps
  • Reducing stress: To increase risk of menstrual cramps and their severity

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Primary dysmenorrhea

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Primary dysmenorrhea:
  • Practicing meditation: Helps to relieves stress
  • Practicing Yoga: Helps relieving pain
  • Practicing acupuncture therapy: Helps relieving menstrual cramps
  • Practicing acupressure techniques: Helps relieving menstrual cramps
  • Using Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) techniques: Helps relieving menstrual cramp pain
  • Using herbal medicines: Provides some relief from menstrual cramps
  • Use dietary supplements: Helps reducing menstrual cramps

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Primary dysmenorrhea.
Premenstrual Syndrome
Premenstrual Syndrome

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