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Primary thunderclap headache

Symptoms of Primary thunderclap headache

The following features are indicative of Primary thunderclap headache:
  • sudden pain
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • altered mental state
  • fever
  • seizures

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Common Causes of Primary thunderclap headache

The following are the most common causes of Primary thunderclap headache:
  • subarachnoid hemorrhage
  • rupturing of blood vessels in brain
  • tearing in lining of artery that supplies blood to brain
  • leaking of cerebrospinal fluid
  • bleeding in pituitary gland
  • blood clot formation in brain

Other Causes of Primary thunderclap headache

The following are the less common causes of Primary thunderclap headache:
  • hypertensive crisis
  • meningitis
  • encephalitis
  • ischemic stroke

Risk Factors for Primary thunderclap headache

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Primary thunderclap headache:
  • internal carotid artery dissection
  • Horner’s syndrome

Prevention of Primary thunderclap headache

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Primary thunderclap headache. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • avoid use of substances such as marijuana and cocaine which triggers spasm of blood vessels

Occurrence of Primary thunderclap headache

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Primary thunderclap headache cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Primary thunderclap headache can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Primary thunderclap headache can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Primary thunderclap headache

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Primary thunderclap headache:
  • X-ray: To generate a cross-sectional image of brain
  • Brain MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging): To create cross-sectional images of structures within brain
  • MRA (Magnetic resonance angiography): To visualize the blood vessels leading to and inside brain

Complications of Primary thunderclap headache if untreated

Yes, Primary thunderclap headache causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Primary thunderclap headache is left untreated:
  • aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage

Self-care for Primary thunderclap headache

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Primary thunderclap headache:
  • Avoid use of CNS (Central Nervous System) stimulants: To avoid triggeration of spasm of blood vessels

Time for Treatment of Primary thunderclap headache

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Primary thunderclap headache to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 4 weeks

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Primary thunderclap headache.

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