An adenoma of the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland that produces prolactin. It is the most common type of pituitary gland adenomas and it is associated with hyperprolactinemia. Clinical manifestations include amenorrhea, galactorrhea, impotence, headache, and visual disturbances

Symptoms of Prolactinoma

The following features are indicative of Prolactinoma:
  • amenorrhea
  • loss of axillary and pubic hair
  • hypogonadism
  • galactorrhea
  • erectile dysfunction
  • vertigo
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • partial blindness
It is possible that Prolactinoma shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Prolactinoma

The following are the most common causes of Prolactinoma:
  • prolactin overproduction
  • small size of pituitary gland
  • pituitary tumor
  • pregnancy
  • breast feeding

Risk Factors for Prolactinoma

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Prolactinoma:
  • women between 20 and 34 years old

Prevention of Prolactinoma

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Prolactinoma. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • avoid smoking
  • do exercise to avoid osteoporosis
  • intake calcium rich diet

Occurrence of Prolactinoma

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Prolactinoma cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Prolactinoma can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Prolactinoma can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Prolactinoma

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Prolactinoma:
  • Blood test: To detect the overproduction of prolactin
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): To get the images of brain
  • Vision test: To check eye sight

Doctor for Diagnosis of Prolactinoma

Patients should visit the following specialists if they have symptoms of Prolactinoma:
  • Oncologist

Complications of Prolactinoma if untreated

Yes, Prolactinoma causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Prolactinoma is left untreated:
  • vision loss
  • bone loss
  • hypopituitarism
  • pregnancy complications

Procedures for Treatment of Prolactinoma

The following procedures are used to treat Prolactinoma:
  • Transsphenoidal surgery: To treat prolactinoma
  • Transcranial surgery: To remove the tumor

Self-care for Prolactinoma

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Prolactinoma:
  • Eat healthy diet to reduce high prolactin level

Patient Support for Treatment of Prolactinoma

The following actions may help Prolactinoma patients:
  • Join support and advocacy groups: Helps to connect with other patients and families to provide valuable services

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Prolactinoma.

Related Topics

Pituitary Tumors

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