An acute inflammatory process that affects the prostate gland. It is caused by bacteria, most often Escherichia coli, Proteus mirabilis, Klebsiella, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Symptoms of Prostatitis

The following features are indicative of Prostatitis:
  • burning sensation when urinating
  • frequent urination particularly at night
  • cloudy urine
  • blood in the urine
  • pain in the abdomen
  • pain in the area between the scrotum and rectum
  • pain in penis
  • painful ejaculation
  • flu-like symptoms
It is possible that Prostatitis shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Prostatitis

The following are the most common causes of Prostatitis:
  • E Coli bacterial leakage from urine into prostate

Risk Factors for Prostatitis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Prostatitis:
  • male over age 50 years
  • previous history of prostatitis
  • an infection in the bladder
  • injury from bicycling
  • injury from horseback riding
  • excessive use of urinary catheter
  • having infected with HIV/AIDS

Prevention of Prostatitis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Prostatitis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • use of heating pads
  • avoid alcohol consumption
  • avoid heavy physical activities like bicycling
  • drink plenty of caffeine free beverages
  • practice safe sex behaviors

Occurrence of Prostatitis

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Prostatitis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Common between 1 - 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Prostatitis can occur at any age.

Common Gender

Prostatitis most commonly occurs in the following gender:
  • Male

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Prostatitis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Prostatitis:
  • Urine testing: Diagnose an inflammation in prostate gland
  • Blood testing: Examines samples of blood for signs of infection and other prostate problems

Complications of Prostatitis if untreated

Yes, Prostatitis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Prostatitis is left untreated:
  • bacteremia
  • epididymitis
  • prostatic abscess
  • infertility

Procedures for Treatment of Prostatitis

The following procedures are used to treat Prostatitis:
  • Cystoscopy: Procedure to narrow and to block stones in the urinary tract

Self-care for Prostatitis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Prostatitis:
  • Limit alcohol consumption: Prevents irritation of urinary bladder
  • Drink plenty of caffeine-free beverages: Increases urination and helps to flush bacteria from urinary bladder

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Prostatitis

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Prostatitis:
  • Biofeedback monitoring: The therapy used to control certain body functions and responses, including relaxation of muscles
  • Practicing acupuncture: Press certain points of body to relax the muscles
  • Use of rye grass: Helps in reducing the inflammation of prostate gland

Time for Treatment of Prostatitis

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Prostatitis to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • more than 3 months

Is Prostatitis Infectious?

Yes, Prostatitis is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
  • infections spread through sexual contact

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Prostatitis.
Chronic Prostatis

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