Pseudomembranous Colitis

Symptoms of Pseudomembranous Colitis

The following features are indicative of Pseudomembranous Colitis:
  • diarrhea
  • abdominal cramps
  • fever
  • pus in stool
  • nausea
  • dehydration

Get TabletWise Pro

Thousands of Classes to Help You Become a Better You.

Common Causes of Pseudomembranous Colitis

The following are the most common causes of Pseudomembranous Colitis:
  • Clostridium difficile bacteria
  • use of antibiotics such as ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, amoxicillin, ampicillin, clindamycin, cefixime

Risk Factors for Pseudomembranous Colitis

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Pseudomembranous Colitis:
  • use of antibiotics
  • stay in hospital
  • have weakened immune system
  • have colon disease
  • undergoing intestinal surgery
  • receiving chemotherapy treatment for cancer
  • age over 65 years

Prevention of Pseudomembranous Colitis

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Pseudomembranous Colitis. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • limit use of antibiotic
  • terminal room cleaning in hospital
  • do proper hand wash

Occurrence of Pseudomembranous Colitis

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Pseudomembranous Colitis cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Widely occurring between 500K - 1 Million cases

Common Age Group

Pseudomembranous Colitis most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged > 50 years

Common Gender

Pseudomembranous Colitis can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Pseudomembranous Colitis

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Pseudomembranous Colitis:
  • Stool sample test: To detect C. difficile infection of the colon
  • Colonoscopy: To examine the inside of colon for signs of pseudomembranous colitis
  • Blood test: To measure the white blood cell count
  • Abdominal X-ray: To get the images of colon

Complications of Pseudomembranous Colitis if untreated

Yes, Pseudomembranous Colitis causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Pseudomembranous Colitis is left untreated:
  • hypokalemia
  • hypotension
  • kidney failure
  • perforated colon
  • ruptured colon

Procedures for Treatment of Pseudomembranous Colitis

The following procedures are used to treat Pseudomembranous Colitis:
  • Fecal microbial transplantation: To restore the balance of bacteria in colon
  • Surgery: To remove all or part of the colon

Self-care for Pseudomembranous Colitis

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Pseudomembranous Colitis:
  • drink plenty of fluids
  • avoid high fiber foods
  • stay away from spicy, fatty foods
  • eat small meals

Time for Treatment of Pseudomembranous Colitis

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Pseudomembranous Colitis to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • In 1 - 4 weeks

Is Pseudomembranous Colitis Infectious?

Yes, Pseudomembranous Colitis is known to be infectious. It can spread across people via the following means:
  • spread by bacterial spores found within feces
  • spread via contact with hands of healthcare workers

Related Topics

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Pseudomembranous Colitis.

Related Topics

Campylobacter Infections

Sign Up


Share with friends, get 20% off
Invite your friends to TabletWise learning marketplace. For each purchase they make, you get 20% off (upto $10) on your next purchase.