Symptoms of Pulmonary Oedema

The following features are indicative of Pulmonary Oedema:
  • difficulty in breathing
  • coughing up blood
  • excessive sweating
  • anxiety
  • pale skin
  • shortness of breath
  • paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
  • crackles
It is possible that Pulmonary Oedema shows no physical symptoms and still is present in a patient.

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Common Causes of Pulmonary Oedema

The following are the most common causes of Pulmonary Oedema:
  • congestive heart failure
  • high altitude exposure
  • kidney failure
  • narrowed arteries that bring blood to the kidneys
  • lung damage caused by poisonous gas or severe infection
  • major injury

Other Causes of Pulmonary Oedema

The following are the less common causes of Pulmonary Oedema:
  • heart attack
  • leaking or narrowed heart valves
  • severe hypertension

Risk Factors for Pulmonary Oedema

The following factors may increase the likelihood of Pulmonary Oedema:
  • hyperglycemia
  • leukocytosis
  • limb weakness

Prevention of Pulmonary Oedema

Yes, it may be possible to prevent Pulmonary Oedema. Prevention may be possible by doing the following:
  • control blood pressure
  • control blood cholesterol
  • avoid smoking
  • eat a heart-healthy diet
  • limit salt intake
  • do exercise regularly
  • maintain a healthy body weight
  • manage stress

Occurrence of Pulmonary Oedema

Number of Cases

The following are the number of Pulmonary Oedema cases seen each year worldwide:
  • Very common > 10 Million cases

Common Age Group

Pulmonary Oedema most commonly occurs in the following age group:
  • Aged > 50 years

Common Gender

Pulmonary Oedema can occur in any gender.

Lab Tests and Procedures for Diagnosis of Pulmonary Oedema

The following lab tests and procedures are used to detect Pulmonary Oedema:
  • Chest X-ray:To confirm the diagnosis of pulmonary edema and exclude other possible causes of shortness of breath
  • Pulse oximetry: To determine how much oxygen is in the blood
  • Blood test: It is to check for the amount of oxygen and carbon dioxide it contains
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG): In this noninvasive test, the wave patterns show heart rate and rhythm and whether areas of heart show diminished blood flow
  • Echocardiogram: An echocardiogram is a noninvasive test that uses a wand-shaped device called a transducer to generate high-frequency sound waves that are reflected from the tissues of your heart pulmonary artery catheterization

Complications of Pulmonary Oedema if untreated

Yes, Pulmonary Oedema causes complications if it is not treated. Below is the list of complications and problems that may arise if Pulmonary Oedema is left untreated:
  • lower extremity
  • abdominal swelling
  • pleural effusion
  • congestion in liver
  • swelling of the liver

Self-care for Pulmonary Oedema

The following self-care actions or lifestyle changes may help in the treatment or management of Pulmonary Oedema:
  • Control blood pressure: Monitor blood pressure regularly and maintain it
  • Controlling secondary medical conditions: Such as control glucose levels in case of having diabetes
  • Avoiding the cause of disease: The cause may be drugs, allergens or high altitudes, avoid these to minimize further damage to lungs
  • quit smoking
  • Eating a healthy diet: Follow a low-salt diet, eat a healthy diet of fruits, vegetables and whole grains

Alternative Medicine for Treatment of Pulmonary Oedema

The following alternate medicine and therapies are known to help in the treatment or management of Pulmonary Oedema:
  • Physical therapy: Do exercise regularly, helps in maintaining healthy body weight

Time for Treatment of Pulmonary Oedema

While time-period of treatment for each patient may vary, below is the typical time-period for Pulmonary Oedema to resolve if treated properly under an expert supervision:
  • More than 1 year

Last updated date

This page was last updated on 2/04/2019.
This page provides information for Pulmonary Oedema.

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